Russia Launched First Arctic-monitoring Satellite
The Russian Space agency, Roscosmos, has successfully launched its first ever Arctic-monitoring satellite that will monitor the Arctic’s climate and environment.
The space agency blasted off the Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket which is also carrying the Arktika-M satellite on board. The rocket was blasted off from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on February 28, 2021. The Arktika-M spacecraft was launched to the orbit later.
Application of the Satellite
The development of this satellite system in the highly elliptical orbits is required to collect the information in order to solve the operational meteorology problems as well as the hydrology problems. The satellite will also monitor climate and environment of the Arctic region. It will be providing round-the-clock continuous monitoring over the northern territory of Russia as well. Arktika-M satellite will also transmit the overview images of Earth’s northern polar region and the adjoining areas every 15-30 minutes.
This satellite is one among a series of planned Russian remote-sensing and emergency communications satellites. The satellite is operating in the highly elliptical 12-hour orbit. Constellation of two Arktika-M satellites has also been designed to monitor the high-latitude areas of the Earth. The satellite will be based on the Lavochkin Elektro-L meteorological satellite. The payload of the satellite comprises of MSU-GSM multi-spectral imager along with the transmitters for meteorological systems and rescue systems. The first launch for the satellite was scheduled for 2013 but it has been delayed and was launched in 2021.
Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities (Roscosmos)
It is a state corporation of Russian Federation which is involved in the space flights, aerospace research and cosmonautics programs. The Roscosmos was emerged after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the year 1991. It was initially established as the Russian Space Agency, in 1992. The Roscosmos is headquartered in Moscow. It has its main Mission Control Center located in the nearby city Korolyov,