GK & Current Affairs: September 25, 26, 2015
1. Who became the first solo woman to win the prestigious Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books of the Year award?
Answer: Gaia Vince
Gaia Vince became the first solo woman to win the prestigious Royal Society Science Book of the year award. She won 2015 Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books for her book, Adventures in the Anthropocene: A Journey to the Heart of the Planet. Ms. Vince is a science editor and journalist who completed a 800 day tour of the globe which was the basis of her book. The book investigates the Anthropocene Age the epoch in which we currently live and how humans are changing the planet, for the better and for the worse. The Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books was founded in 1988 to celebrate outstanding popular science books.
2. The Madhesi people, who are in news now a days, are related to which country?
Madhesis are a group of People from lower land of Nepal. Madhesis occupy most important geographical location called Terai (or Madhesh) which is most strategic location for Nepal’s economic prosperity and development. Terai is bordering the Indian states Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Uttaranchal. The high density of Madhesis is concentrated along the Indo-Nepal border line. Madhesi form 40-50 per cent of the total population of Nepal.
3. The Pichhwai paintings which portray Lord Krishna, famous in which state?
Picchwai Paintings are intricate paintings which portray Lord Krishna. They exist in the holy town of Nathdwara in the Rajasthan.
4. Who has been appointed as chairman of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)?
[A]Stuti Narain Kacker
[C]Chandra Premalatha Singh
[D]Kushal Singh Kapoor
Answer: Stuti Narain Kacker
Stuti Narain Kacker, a 1978 batch of IAS officer, was appointed the head of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights by women and child development ministry. The chairperson’s position fell vacant after the tenure of former UPA appointee Kushal Singh ended in October last year. The commission deals with education, child development, care of neglected and marginalised children, elimination of child labour, child psychology and other laws related to children.
5. Which among the following is the India’s first multi wavelength space observatory?
Astrosat is the country’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. ASTROSAT, with a life span of five years, will observe the universe through optical, ultraviolet, low and high energy X-ray components of the electromagnetic spectrum, whereas most other scientific satellites are capable of observing through a narrow wavelength band.
6. Which one of the following statements is correct about FASTag?
[A]A new device for quick detection of Ebola
[B]A device that enables cashless transaction at toll plazas
[C]A device for early warning of cyclones
[D]A device for determination of pollutants in ambient air
Answer: A device that enables cashless transaction at toll plazas
FASTag is a radio frequency identification device that enables cashless transaction at toll plazas. FASTag is currently operational on Delhi-Mumbai, Delhi-Chandigarh and Bengaluru- Chennai highways. There are 35 toll plazas spread across these three stretches with the user base restricted to 2,200. The technology is expected to save time as well as fuel. According to transport ministry this would result in savings of Rs 27,000 crore in delays caused at tolls and Rs 7,000 crore worth of fuel.
7. Who has been appointed as India’s next G-20 Sherpa?
Answer: Aravind Panagariya
NITI Aayog vice-chairman Aravind Panagariya has been chosen as the next G-20 Sherpa of prime minister Narendra Modi. He is preceded by railway minister Suresh Prabhu. A Sherpa is the official personal emissary or representative of head of state in any international forum like G-8 or G-20. Chosen personally by the head of state, and in India’s case by the prime minister, India’s G-20 Sherpa has responsibility of laying the groundwork ahead of the prime minister’s attendance in what is now the most definitive grouping of global powers.
8. Who is the India’s new permanent representative at the United Nations?
Answer: Syed Akbaruddin
Syed Akbaruddin has been appointed as India’s permanent representative at the United Nations. He will replace Ashok Mukherji who will be retiring soon. Syed Akbaruddin is an additional secretary in the ministry of external affairs from April 2015.
9. Which among the following pair has won Guangzhou Open Title-2015?
[A]Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis
[B]Shilin Xu and You Xiaodi
[C]Anna-Lena Friedsam and Monica Niculescu
[D]Shilin Xu and Monica Niculescu
Answer: Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis
The world number one team of Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis continued its dominating run by winning their sixth title of the year at the Guangzhou Open. The top seeds defeated Xu Shilin and You Xiaodi 6-3, 6-1 in the final to win their second WTA title in a row.
10. Which one of the following birds is often regarded as the “Farmers of the Forest”?
[A]Great Indian Bustard
Hornbills are unique birds. They get their name from the horn-like projection called a casque on top of their beak. Hornbills are often called as the ‘farmers of the forest’ as they disperse the seeds of many tropical trees and keep the forest alive. Unfortunately, most hornbill species are threatened by habitat loss and hunting. .
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