5,000 remote villages to receive Internet using ISRO satellites
In order to implement the Bharat net project, the BSNL has provided a contract to a private firm Hughes. The firm is to provide internet services to 5000 remote villages using ISRO satellites.
The remote villages to receive the internet connection are located in Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Ladakh and Manipur. In order to achieve this, the ISRO communication satellite such as GSAT 11 and GSAT 19 are to be used.
What is the plan?
The ISRO satellites will be using a proprietary Jupiter system created by Hughes. It is a very small aperture terminal platform, VSAT platform. It is designed to provide highest possible efficiency and capacity for satellite broadband implementation. System is currently being used in more than 40 satellites worldwide.
The private firm will also take up Network operations. It will install solar powered user terminals to deliver high speed internet of 10 MBPS to ruler population.
What is satellite internet?
The internet access provided through communication satellites is called satellite internet. In modern days, internet services are provided through geostationary satellites. Also new satellite internet constellations are being developed.
Satellite internet has three main components. They are satellite in geostationary Orbit, ground stations and antenna. The ground stations are gateways that relay internet data from and to the satellite. This is done through radio waves. Usually the antenna used is VSAT dish antenna with the transceiver.
GSAT 11 and GSAT 19
The GSAT 19 is a communication satellite launched by ISRO in 2017. The GSAT 11 was one of the heaviest satellite launched by ISRO. It is also and Indian geostationary communication satellite. It was launched in 2018.
Bharat Net Project
The national Optical Fibre network that was launched in 2011 was renamed as Bharat net project in 2015. The mission aims to provide broadband connectivity to gram panchayat School stop currently the Bharat net project aims to connect all 2,50,000 Gram Panchayat with Internet and provide 100mbps of connectivity.
Category: Science & Technology Current Affairs
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