Solution of the UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination 2012 – GS Paper 1

91. In the Parliament of India, the purpose of an adjournment motion is:
[A]to allow a discussion on a definite matter of urgent public importance
[B]to let opposition collect information ministers members from the
[C]to allow a reduction of specific amount in demand for grant
[D] to postpone the proceedings to check the inappropriate or violent behaviour on the part of some members

to allow a discussion on a definite matter of urgent public importance
Objective of an adjournment motion is to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance having serious consequences and in regard to which a motion or a resolution with proper notice will be too late.

92. How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture?
1. NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.
2. NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.
3. Application for Intellectual Property Rights related to resources genetic/biological cannot be made without approval of NBA.
Which of the statements given a above is/are correct?
[A]1 Only
[B]2 & 3 Only
[C]1 & 3 Only
[D]1,2 & 3

1 & 3 Only

93. The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 was enacted in consonance with which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India?
1. Right to healthy environment, construed as a part of Right to life under Article 21
2. Provision of grants for raising the level of administration in the Scheduled Areas for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes under Article 275( 1)
3. Powers and functions of Gram Sabha as mentioned under Article 243(A)
Select the correct answer:
[A]1 Only
[B]2 & 3 Only
[C]1 & 3 only
[D]1,2 & 3

1 Only

94. If National Water Mission is properly and completely implemented, how will it impact the country?
1. Part of the water needs of urban areas will be met through recycling of wastewater.
2. The water requirements of coastal cities with inadequate alternative sources of water will be met by adopting appropriate technologies that allow for the use of ocean
3. All the rivers of Himalayan origin will be linked to the rivers of peninsular India.
4. The expenses incurred by farmers for digging bore-wells a and for installing motors and pump-sets to draw groundwater will be completely reimbursed by the Government.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
[A]1 Only
[B]1 & 2 Only
[C]3 & 4 Only
[D]1,2,3 & 4

1 & 2 Only

95. Consider the following provisions under the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in the Constitution of India:
1. Securing for citizens of India a uniform civil code
2. Organizing village Panchayats
3. Promoting cottage industries in rural areas
4 . Securing for all the workers reasonable leisure and cultural opportunities
Which of the above Gandhian Principles reflected in the Directive of State Policy?
[A]1,2 & 4 Only
[B]2 & 3 Only
[C]1,3 & 4 Only
[D]1,2 3 & 4

2 & 3 Only
Article 40, 47 and 48 are based upon Gandhian Principles. They are as follows:
Article 40: Organization of Village Panchayats
Article 47 : Nutrition and standard of Living
Article 48: Prevention of cow slaughter, organization of agriculture and animal husbandry

96. Consider the following statements
1. Union Territories are not represented in the Rajya Sabha.
2. It is within the preview of Chief Election commissioner to adjudicate election disputes.
3. According to the Constitution of India, the Parliament consists of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
[A]1 Only
[B]2 & 3
[C]1 & 3


97. With reference to consumers’ rights/ privileges under the provisions of law in India, which of the following statements is/arc correct?
1. Consumers are empowered to take samples for food testing.
2. When a consumer files a complaint in any consumer forum, no fee is required to be paid.
3. In case of death of a consumer, his/her legal heir can file a complaint in the consumer forum on his / her behalf.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
[A]1 Only
[B]2 & 3 Only
[C]1 & 3 Only
[D]1,2 & 3

1 & 3 Only
There is a nominal fee that is to be paid.

98. Regarding the office of the Lok Sabha Speaker, consider the following statements :
1. He/She holds the office during the pleasure of the President.
2. He/She need not be a member of the House at the time of his/her election but has to become a member of the House within six months from the date of his/her election.
3. If he/she intends to resign, the letter of his/her resignation has to be addressed to the Deputy Speaker.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
[A]1 & 2 Only
[B]3 Only
[C]1, 2, & 3

3 Only

99. Which of the following are included in the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
1. A dispute between the Government of India and one or more States
2. A dispute regarding elections to either House of the Parliament or that of Legislature of a State
3. A dispute between the Government of India and a Union territory
4. A dispute between two or more States
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
[A]1 & 2
[B]2 & 3
[C]1 & 4
[D]3 & 4

1 & 4
Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court extends to any dispute between
1.Government of India and one or more States
2.between the Government of India and any State or States on one side and one or more States on the other or between two or more States, if insofar as the dispute involves any question (whether of law or of fact) on which the existence or extent of a legal right depends.
In addition, Article 32 of the Constitution gives an extensive original jurisdiction to the Supreme Court in regard to enforcement of Fundamental Rights. It is empowered to issue directions, orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari to enforce them.

100. Consider the following kinds of organisms:
1. Bacteria
2. Fungi
3. Flowering plants
Some species of which of the above kinds of organisms are employed as biopesticides?
[A]1 Only
[B]2 & 3 Only
[C]1 & 3 Only
[D]1,2 & 3

1,2 & 3
Neem is the best example of flowering plant as biopesticide.,

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  • jace

    sir, cut off- is it is combined or for Paper I only?

    • GKToday

      @ jace,

      Cut off is combined, there is no individual cut off.

  • prash

    sir, i am a great fan of gktoday.. thank u very much for ur efforts to make information transparent, free and authentic..
    i had a doubt regarding cut off.. 168-170 is a combined cut-off of paper I and II or GS alone..
    it cant b so less for combined or so much for GS alone.. ppl , including me, think that it might go somewhere between 200-210..
    plz clarify the same..
    thank u sir..

  • ravi

    for qn case of cnstinal amendmt bill both houses have equal authority

  • Sai Akhilesh

    Q.No. 64

    Single window policy is introduced prior to this policy. It is not anew initiative.

  • Avishek

    For Q13 – BT Brinjal one ..statement 1 is incorrect as the gene used is not that of soil fungus but of soil bacteria :) ….as there is no option containing 2 3 4 ….so ans has to be 3 and 4 only.

  • ravikvarma

    score ranging from 215 to 230…according to gktoday is 217…is it in a comfortable margin?

  • Avishek

    For Q71 – Seabuckthorn — its also used as biodiesel..though its use as of now is limited, but then it has great potential. Searching in google for Seabuckthorn as biodiesel……reveals many websites that says about it …so correct option should be D – all 1,2,3,4 . Seabuckthorn timber also has great value . Source : google :)

  • thiyam surjakumar singh

    im greatly delighted with your work sir
    thank you for your great work

  • Vikas

    Thank you Sir..most accurate

  • Kamal

    Thanks a ton for the keys.!!

    The cutoff 168-170 you are expecting is the combined marks of paper 1 & 2 right?

  • sukumaran

    in q 13 bt brinjal gene from bacterium

  • Tigin kalistus

    Is the ‘cutoff marks’as predicted here is for ‘Paper-1’ or combined? I presume it is for combined but then cannot fathom out the criteria adopted in arriving at such a low cuttoff, if it is so.

  • anwer

    the cutoff is for 1st paper only and for both paper combined.please clarify

  • Gayathri


    I would like to know if the cut off mentioned above(165-170) is the sum of both the papers. And also is there any separate cut off marks for each paper?

    Please do reply.

  • Johnny Prince

    Having doubt in the 86th Qn.. The Snow Leopard does exist naturally in the mountain ranges of Kashmir, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.. Kindly correct me if I’m wrong.

  • mynk.ngm

    sirji this cut off is for GS1 and 2 combined right.. else im afraid only the paper setters and few others will make it..

  • saurabh

    In question 13, gene from soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis is used and not soil fungus. Option A seems to be incorrect.

  • viswanadhas

    Hi , is 170 an individual cutoff or combined ? If combined is there are min cut off on each paper. Plz advice. Thx

  • killer

    in gram sabha question they substituted ‘minor minerals ‘ with ‘any minerals’….itna specific …

  • amit13226

    As per ministry report,
    Coastal wetland area is smaller than inland.please confirm which data is to be followed.

  • saurabh

    In Q.57, NBFCs provide microfinance which promotes inclusive growth. Statement 1 seems to be correct too.

  • saurabh

    Q. 28, 1 & 3 both are correct. Since air is more dense close to the earh it can hold more heat than upper altitudes where air is thinner.

  • Amit kumar

    qn:-95….I think DPSP also contain

    art 44:-uniform civil code for the citizens
    then what should be the answer of qn. 95.

  • Avishek

    There r many articles which have written about possible effects on biodiversity of Bt brinjal…and the langauge of statement 4 – there is SOME concern that bt brinjal MAY have adverse—– ….so statement 4 cannot be rules out . About the report of expert committee, yes they have said it, but there r numerous other reports, most recently buy greenpeace which says about adverse effects on biodiversity. Statement 2 ..about TERMINATOR SEEDS not fully correct ..check this link please –

  • hemant

    can u plz tell me, wht would be the cutt of list for ias pre and csat

  • Jitendra Gupta

    Hi Sir,

    Thanks for your excellent support to the aspirants.

    One favor I would like to ask. In the view of this year’s pattern of GS Paper-I, It needs a very good understanding of the topics for the best guess. If you could provide section-wise quiz like dividing Modern History in periods, or dividing Geography of India in Physical Geo, Human Geo, Climatology & atmospheric variations etc., it will help us in concentrating on the very topic and a better assessment of the preparation.


  • Adnan

    thank you very much sir. please make pdf available within a single link instead of 10

  • Nanda

    Kudoos gktoday for answering all then questions with explanations . & waiting for the pdf to d/w ..

  • dharmesh

    how can someone read so many standard UPSC csat exam questions at one go directly from internet, it can only be worth yo read if there be a pdf version provided of question with answer to read them later nor from internet directly and can be print if required. providing so many questions to read from net is not yet worthy when exams are still offline and internet not have that much reach you must provide pdf version of questions with answers

  • sundaravathanan

    checking your key was like discussing question paper with a friend :) thanks a lot!!

  • Sidharth

    Will there be individual cur-off for each paper? If yes, what will be the cut-off for paper 1 and also for Paper 2

  • neeraj

    sir i think i will get 149 marks in aptitude but in gk i think it is not more than 35
    what should i do
    pls help me

  • Anurag

    Will GKtoday upload the solutions for CSAT too…… Please do it as your answers are the most authentic ones…..Anxiously waiting fr the CSAT solutions, do post soon ….and many many thanks for the informative solutions of GS Section. Thank You..

  • nishant

    Dear Admin
    I am very much thankful for giving such a beautiful insights to clear our confusion..As for me now I see that I get 60 marks in paper-1 and I think I will get 150 in 2nd paper.which makes it 210..Do I have chance and should I start preparing? Is it true that UPSC has separate cut-off for both papers..PLZ let me know if any …

  • Mukesh kumar ray

    Sir, my series is (c) prelims 2012 plz send me solved question..

  • viptip

    BT seads are terminator

  • samm

    hey bro
    i think u will be selected
    as ur total is approx 184
    and i knew a person who got same marks in previous year and got selected
    and this would be happen same in this year
    so start prepare for mains
    wish u all the best

  • shobhit777

    Thanks for the great job…..are sure of the answers you provided for Sufi, Lead Poisoning and RBI question. Most of the other keys are showing different answers. Pls Reply….

  • Hgiue_980

    Question 57: Could you please clarify why permitting NBFC to do banking is not an Inclusive Governance? Thanks

  • Hgiue_980

    Question 65: The option 2 states, withdrawal of money ONLY after the Appropriation Bill is passed. What about the VOTE ON ACCOUNT, which allows to withdraw even before the Appropriation Bill is passed? Please clarify. Thanks

  • Hgiue_980

    Question 95: Why Article 44 is not included in the answer? Thanks

  • dileep


    (Reg: Question No: 28)

    Could you please elaborate why you rejected 3rd statement? Many articles on internet have given that 3rd statement is also correct. Would be grateful if you could provide further support to your answer.

  • sandy123

    A piece of info….. this year more than 5.50 lacs candidates registered for CSP….dunno how many actually appeared….talked to UPSC today…..last year this was 4.7 lacs….so wats the take on cutoff ?

  • vats

    why is banking by nbfc not included in inclusive governance?isnt the recent recommendations by the Y.H Malegam committee, a reference in this regard, as the NBFC -MFI is thought to provide financial inclusion?

  • kesari.meena00


    PAPER-1 46
    PAPER-2 125


  • samm

    how can we find our marks in this paper
    can we send rti for it…..


    Sir,i would like to get prelis 2nd paper questions.Is there any seat conservation for s/c?

  • aman

    why pdf download is not available?
    pls provide

  • sushma Pandey

    sir, i am preparing for panchayat secretary ,which will
    be held within next week.Kindly send some very
    important & detailed article under our constitution for
    panchayat & Rural development.Kindly send and guide me
    soon .

    with regards,

  • rashi

    sir did u provide notes for entire gs pre and mains both if yes how can i get it i am preparing for upsc 2014 give me ur num so tht if any query i can talk to u

  • sk

    Its very helpful to go through specially for me where I can continue even in my work free time. Thanks a lot.