Social Progress Index 2022
Social Progress Index 2022 was released recently.
What is Social Progress Index?
The Social Progress Index (SPI) for States and Districts, released recently by the Institute for Competitiveness and Social Progress Imperative, ranks states and districts based on the SPI scores under 6 tiers of social progress.
The six tiers of social progress are Tier 1: Very High Social Progress; Tier 2: High Social Progress; Tier 3: Upper Middle Social Progress; Tier 4: Lower Middle Social Progress; Tier 5: Low Social Progress and Tier 6: Very Low Social Progress.
How is the SPI score assessed?
The states and districts are assessed based on 12 components across 3 critical dimensions of social progress i.e., Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Well-Being, and Opportunity. It uses 89 indicators at the state level and 49 indicators at the district level.
The Basic Human Needs dimension includes an assessment of the performance in the areas of water and sanitation, personal safety, shelter, and nutrition and basic medical care. Foundations of Wellbeing dimension assesses the progress made in increasing access to basic knowledge, access to ICT, health and wellness and environmental quality. The Opportunity dimension focuses on inclusiveness, personal rights, personal freedom and choice as well as access to advanced education.
Achievements in the SPI 2022
- Tier 1: Puducherry (65.99) scored the highest because of its performance in components like personal freedom and choice, shelter, and water and sanitation. Lakshadweep and Goa recorded the second and third-highest scores of 65.89 and 65.53, respectively. These states and union territories were categorized under Tier 1.
- Tier 6: Assam, Jharkhand and Bihar scored the lowest in India. They were categorized in Tier 6.
- Human Needs Dimension: The top performing states in the Water and Sanitation and Shelter components are Goa, Puducherry, Lakshadweep, and Chandigarh. Goa scored the highest in the Water and Sanitation component, followed by Kerala. Chandigarh and Nagaland were the top performers for the shelter and personal safety components.
- Foundation of Wellbeing dimension: The top performers are Mizoram, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh, and Goa. Within the dimension, Punjab (62.92) scored the highest in the Access to Basic Knowledge component and Delhi (71.30) is the top performer in the Access to ICT component. Rajasthan scored the highest in the Health and Wellness component and the top three states with the highest score in the Environmental Quality component are Mizoram, Nagaland, and Meghalaya.
- Opportunity Dimension: Tamil Nadu (72) scored the highest in the opportunity dimension. Sikkim was the top performer in Inclusiveness, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands scored the highest for the Personal Rights component. In this dimension, Puducherry scored the highest in two components – Personal Freedom and Choice and Access to Advanced Education.
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