International Current Affairs MCQs
11. Dinesh Gunawardena was sworn in as which position in Sri Lanka?
[B] Prime Minister
[C] Finance Minister
[D] External Affairs Minister
Correct Answer: B [Prime Minister]
Political veteran Dinesh Gunawardena, an ally of Rajapaksa family was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka a day after Ranil Wickremesinghe was elevated to the President’s post.
The 73-year-old leader has previously held multiple Cabinet posts. Wickremesinghe replaced former president Gotabaya Rajapaksa, after an unprecedented economic and political crisis.
12. Ayman al-Zawahiri, the al-Qaeda leader, was killed by which country’s air strike?
Correct Answer: C [USA]
Ayman al-Zawahiri, the leader of al-Qaeda was killed by the U.S Air strikes in Afghanistan, as confirmed by the U.S President Joe Biden.
He was killed in a counter-terrorism operation carried out by the CIA in Kabul. Ayman al-Zawahiri who is said to have plotted 9/11 attacks together with Osama Bin Laden, was one of America’s most wanted terrorists.
13. Typhoon Nanmadol, which was seen in the news, made landfall in which country?
[D] Sri Lanka
Correct Answer: B [Japan]
‘Typhoon Nanmadol’ is expected to make landfall in Japan. The country’s weather agency issued a rare warning about the powerful storm.
Nearly two million people in Japan have been asked to seek shelter before Typhoon Nanmadol. It is the first typhoon-linked special warning issued outside of the Okinawa region since the present system began in 2013.
14. Which country has introduced new emissions standards for new and repowered fossil fuel-fired power generation units in 2023?
Correct Answer: B [Singapore]
Singapore’s energy regulator will introduce new emissions standards for new and repowered fossil fuel-fired power generation units in 2023.
The measure also follows Singapore’s plans to reduce its emissions target for 2030 to 60 million tonnes of carbon dioxide.
15. Which country has been hit by the Tropical Storm Nalgae?
Correct Answer: C [Philippines]
The Philippines has recorded 72 deaths from Tropical Storm Nalgae that caused floods and landslides in southern provinces.
Maguindanao province was the most affected region with 67 people dead. Several people were injured and went missing. An average of 20 tropical storms hit the Philippines annually.
16. Which country is the chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) in 2022?
[A] Sri Lanka
Correct Answer: C [India]
India assumed the Chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) from the outgoing chair France.
GPAI is an association of 25 member countries, including the US, the UK, EU, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, and Singapore. India joined GPAI in 2020 as a founding member.
17. Which country’s head of the state is called as ‘Yang di-Pertuan Agong’?
[C] South Korea
Correct Answer: B [Malaysia]
Malaysia’s head of state is known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the position is filled on a rotational basis among the country’s royal households.
Recently, after the general elections which produced no outright winner, Malaysia’s king failed to reach a decision on whom to pick as Prime Minister. The opposition Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition led by Anwar Ibrahim has won 82 seats, leaving it 30 seats short of a 112-seat majority in parliament.
18. Which institution released the ‘Global report on health equity for persons with disabilities’?
[D] World Bank
Correct Answer: B [WHO]
The World Health Organization (WHO) released the ‘Global report on health equity for persons with disabilities’.
As per the report, many people with disabilities have the risk of premature death, even up to 20 years earlier than others, due to systemic and pervasive health disparities. The report recommends 40 steps for governments to implement in the health sector.
19. Hakuto-R lander is the first-ever moon Mission of which country?
[A] South Korea
Correct Answer: B [Japan]
A Japanese start-up ispace Inc launched the country’s first-ever Moon mission with the help of SpaceX.
A Japanese lunar lander carrying two rovers and payload lifted off via a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. It also became the first commercial spacecraft to land on the moon. The launch of Hakuto-R lander was originally scheduled for late November 2022.
20. Which institution released the ‘International Debt Report 2022’?
[A] World Bank
[B] World Economic Forum
Correct Answer: A [World Bank]
According to the International Debt Report 2022 by the World Bank, debt of low and middle-income countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) rose to a record high of 789 billion USD in 2021.
This is the region’s highest debt burden since 2010 and the region’s current debt burden is beyond its repayment capacity.
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