Quiz – 652: Indian History Questions for State Public Service Examinations


Which of the following inscriptions mentions the name of Kalidasa?
[A] Allahabad pillar inscription
[B] Aihole inscription
[C] Alapadu grant
[D] Hanumakonda inscription

Aihole inscription
Aihole inscription written by the Badami Chalukyas King, Pulakesin II who reigned from 610 to 642 CE and was a follower of Jainism. This valuable inscription discovered in the Meguti temple near Aihole (Bijapur district in Karnataka). The inscription is in the Sanskrit language, which uses the old Kannada script. The accounts of Pulkeshi’s campaigns are provided in the Aioli inscription dated 634 AD. It was composed by his court poet Ravikirti. Bharavi, who is associated with the Pallavas of Kanchi along with Kalidasa is mentioned in the famous Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II.



Which among the following Mudra is the gesture of Buddha as depicted in his first sermon?
[A] Abhaya Mudra
[B] Dhyana Mudra
[C] Dharmachakra Mudra
[D] Bhumisparsa Mudra

Dharmachakra Mudra
The sermon Buddha gave to the five monks was his first sermon, called the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta. The Seated Buddha from Gandhara is an early statue of the Buddha made in Gandhara, in modern Pakistan, in the 2nd or 3rd century The pose, which was to become one of a number of standard ones, shows Buddha as a teacher setting the wheel of Dharma in motion (Dharmachakra Mudra). Buddha did this following his enlightenment and after delivering his first sermon at the deer park at Sarnath near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.



Which of the following cities was capital of Maharaja Ranjit Singh?
[A] Amritsar
[B] Patiala
[C] Lahore
[D] Kapurthala

Maharaja Ranjit Singh (called “The Lion of the Punjab”) (1780-1839) was a Sikh ruler of the Punjab. His tomb is located in Lahore, Pakistan. He is remembered for uniting the Punjab as a strong state and his possession of the Koh-i-noor diamond. He took the title of Maharaja on April 12, 1801 (to coincide with Baisakhi day), with Lahore having served as his capital from 1799.



Who among the following built the Gomateshwara statue at Sravanabelagola ?
[A] Chandragupta Maurya
[B] Kharvela
[C] Amoghavarsha
[D] Chamundaraya

Bahubali also called Gomateshwara was an Arihant. According to Jainism, he was the second of the hundred sons of the first Tirthankara, Rishabha and king of Podanpur. A monolithic statue of Bahubali referred to as “Gommateshvara” built by the Ganga dynasty minister and commander Chamundaraya is a 60 feet (18 m) monolith and is situated above a hill in Shravanabelagola, in the Hassan district of Karnataka. It was built in the 10th century AD.



Who among the following is known as ‘Mother of Indian Revolution’ ?
[A] Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi
[B] Bhikaji Rustam Kama
[C] Annie Besant
[D] Sarojini Naidu

Bhikaji Rustam Kama
Bhikaiji Rustom Cama,(1861-1936) was an outstanding lady of great courage, fearlessness, integrity, perseverance and passion for freedom, and is considered as the mother of Indian revolution because of her contributions to Indian freedom struggle. She was credited with designing India’s first tricolour flag with green, saffron and red stripes bearing the immortal words – Vande Matram.



Who is regarded as “Maker of Modern India”?
[A] M. G. Ranade
[B] Mahatma Gandhi
[C] Keshav Chandra Sen
[D] Ram Mohan Roy

Ram Mohan Roy
Raja Rammohan Roy has come to be called the ‘Maker of Modern India’. He was the main force behind introduction of the western education and English language in India. He advocated the study of English, Science, Western Medicine and Technology. He spent his money on a college to promote these studies. He was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj and a great leader of social reform. It was as a result of his persistent campaign that the custom of Sati was declared illegal in Bengal in 1829 A.D. By Lord William Bentick. He was the chief advocate of the modern process of education and the scientific learning.



Who inspired the young Bengal Movement in the 19th century ?
[A] Ram Tanu Lahiri
[B] Henry Vivian Dorozev
[C] Rasik Kumar Malik
[D] Piyare Chand Mitra

Henry Vivian Dorozev
Henry Louis Vivian Derozio (1809 –1831) was assistant headmaster of Hindu College, Kolkata, a radical thinker and one of the first Indian educators to disseminate Western learning and science among the young men of Bengal. He constantly encouraged them to think freely, to question and not to accept anything blindly. His teachings inspired the development of the spirit of liberty, equality and freedom. His activities brought about intellectual revolution in Bengal. It was called the Young Bengal Movement and his students, also known as Derozians, were fiery patriots.



Who is often called as Hindu Luther of Northern India ?
[A] Dayanand Saraswati
[B] Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
[C] Radhakant Dev
[D] Keshav Chandra Sen

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great 19th century Bengali scholar, reformer, writer and philanthropist, whose ideas remain relevant even in modern India. He had devoted his life to improving the status of Hindu widows and encouraging remarriage. The outcome of these efforts was the Hindu Widow Remarriage Act of 1856. That’s why he has come to be called the Hindu Luther of Northern India.



Father of renaissance of Western India was__?
[A] B.M. Malabari
[B] M.G. Ranade
[C] R. G. Bhandarkar
[D] K.T. Telang

M.G. Ranade
Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade (1842-1901) was a distinguished Indian scholar, social reformer and author, sometimes called a Father of renaissance of Western India. He was one of the founding members of the Indian National Congress . He established the “Widow Marriage Association” in 1861 to encourage and popularize it Ranade founded the Poona Sarvajanik Sabha in 1870, to represent the Government, the aspiration of the people. Known to be the mentor and political guru of famous freedom fighters Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He was against caste system, untouchability and was a strong supporter of widow-remarriage.



Who was the founder leader of ‘Muslim Faqirs’ ?
[A] Majnun Shah
[B] Dadu Mian
[C] Tipu
[D] Chirag Ali Shah

Majnun Shah
Majnu Shah was a faqir (Sufi saint) of the Madariya Sufi order founded by Syed Badiuduin Qutb-ul Shah Madar. His headquarters was at the shrine of Shah Madar in Makanpur near Kanpur. He actively participated in the Fakir-Sannyasi Rebellion, and joined in many battles against the British East India Company with his ‘pious team’. He was the founder leader of ‘Muslim Faqirs’.


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