Tirthankara

What is a Tirthankara?

A Tirtha is a religious pilgrim place. Most tirths in India of any religion are based upon the banks of Rivers. A Tirtha in Sanskrit is derived of Tir, which is a bank of river. A Tirtha is a ford or a shallow coastal part of a water body which can be easily crossed.

The idea of a Tirtha is to cross the river of human miseries.

A Tirthankara is a founder of a Tirtha. He achieves the enlightment and then shows the path to others. A Tirthankar achieves Moksha or liberation at the end of his human life.

We all know that there are 24 Tirthankaras of Jainism. The first Tirthankara was Rishabhdev and Last 24th Tirthankara was Mahavira.

24 Tirthankaras

Tirthankar

Birthplace;
Consecration

Symbol

Tree

Place Of Nirvan

1 Lord Rishabha (Adinath)

Vinittanagari;
Palitana

Bull

Vata (Banyan)

Ashtapad (Kailasha)

2 Ajitnath

Ayodhya;
Sammet Shikharji

Elephant

Saala

Samet Sikhar

3 Sambhavanath

Savathi;
Sravasti

Horse

Prayala

Samet Sikhar

4 Abhinandannath

Ayodhya;
Sammet Shikharji

Monkey

Priyangu

Samet Sikhar

5 Sumatinath

Ayodhya;
Sammet Shikharji

Red Goose

Sala

Samet Sikhar

6 Padmaprabha

Kausambi;
Sammet Shikharji

Lotus

Chhatra

Samet Sikhar

7 Suparshvanath

Varanasi;
Sammet Shikharji

Swastika

Sirisha

Samet Sikhar

8 Chandraprabha

Chandrapura;
Sammet Shikharji

Moon

Naga

Samet Sikhar

9 Pushpadanta

Kanandinagari;
Sammet Shikharji

Crocodile

Sali

Samet Sikhar

10 Sheetalnath

Bhadrapura Or Bhadilapura;
Sammet Shikharji

Kalpavriksha Or
Ficus Religiosa

Priyangu

Samet Sikhar

11 Shreyansanath

Simhapuri;
Sammet Shikharji

Rhinoceros

Tanduka

Samet Sikhar

12 Vasupujya

Champapuri;
Sammet Shikharji

Female Buffalo

Patala

Champapuri

13 Vimalnath

Kampilyapura;
Sammet Shikharji

Pig

Jambu

Samet Sikhar

14 Anantnath

Ayodhya;
Sammet Shikharji

Porcupine

Asoka

Samet Sikhar

15 Dharmanath

Ratnapuri;
Sammet Shikharji

Vajra

Dadhiparna

Samet Sikhar

16 Shantinath

Gajapura Or Hastinapuri;
Sammet Shikharji

Deer

Nandi

Samet Sikhar

17 Kunthunath

Gajapura;
Sammet Shikharji

Goat

Bhilaka

Samet Sikhar

18 Aranath

Gajapura;
Sammet Shikharji

Fish

Amba

Samet Sikhar

19 Mallinath

Mithila;
Sammet Shikharji

Kalasa

Asoka

Samet Sikhar

20 Munisuvrata

Rajagriha;
Sammet Shikharji

Tortoise

Champaka

Samet Sikhar

21 Nami Natha

Mithila;
Sammet Shikharji

Blue Water-Lily

Bakula

Samet Sikhar

22 Neminatha

Sauripura And Ujjinta (Ujjain);
Mount Girnar (Girnarji)

Conch

Vetasa

Mount Girnar

23 Parshva

Varanasi;
Sammet Shikharji

Snake

Dhataki

Samet Sikhar

24 Mahavira

Kundagrama Or Kshatriyakund ;
Rijubalika

Lion

Teak

Pava Puri


 

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