Delhi conspiracy case 1912
One of the outfits of Bengal on the lines of Anushilan Samiti was Yungantar, which had started in the guise of a fitness club. It was also established by the revolutionaries like Arubindo Ghosh, his brother Barin Ghosh, Raja Subodh Mallik, Khudiram Bose Prafulla Chaki etc.
After the Alipore Bomb Case trials, many of the members were lodged in the Jails and sent to Kala Pani, from where they were released only under a general amnesty in 1920 after First World War.
One of the important members of this outfit was Ras Bihari Bose, who is best known for his association with the Indian National Army. After the Alipore Bombay Case, he left Bengal and worked in Dehradun as a clerk in the Forest Research Institute. It is said that the Delhi Conspiracy was hatched by Ras Bihari Bose, but was never proved.
- On 23 December 1912, a Bomb was thrown at the Viceroy Lord Hardinge when his procession was moving from Chandni Chowk. The Viceroy wounded in the attempt, but his Mahavat (driver and keeper of an elephant) was killed.
The government strengthens its efforts to destroy the underground activities. Ras Bihari Bose went underground and successfully fled to Japan, where he lived till he died a few years before the conclusion of the Second World War. Before fleeing to Japan, he involved in the Ghadar Conspiracy.
- In the trial of this Delhi Conspiracy Case, Basant Kumar Biswas Amir Chand and Avadh Behari were convicted and executed.
- Please note that Delhi Conspiracy Case is also known as Delhi Lahore Conspiracy Case or Hardinge Bomb Case.
Other Early Militant Revolutionaries
Before we move ahead, let’s have a look on different outfits / members of these outfits at that time for freedom of mother India through revolutionary activities:
- Ras Bihari Bose served as a link between the revolutionaries of Punjab and Bengal. He was not only a brain behind the Delhi Conspiracy Case but also planned an armed mutiny at Delhi. He fled to Japan and founded Indian Independence League out there.
- Sakharama Ganesh Deshkar provided a Link between the revolutionaries of Bengal and Bombay Presidency.
- In the Madras Province, Nilkantha Brahamchari and Vanchi Aiyer founded the secret Bharat Mata Association.
- In Saharanpur, J M Chaterjee founded Bharat Mata Society
- The Dacca Anushilan Samiti was established by Pulin Bihari Das. It was able to cerate 500 branches in East Bengal.
- Bipin Bihari Ganguly founded Atmonnuti Samiti.