GK & Current Affairs : May 19, 20, 2015

1.

Which of the following is the first North East state to achieve 100 percent success in implementing the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana?
[A]Nagaland
[B]Tripura
[C]Meghalaya
[D]Assam

Meghalaya
Meghalaya became the first state in India to achieve 100 percent success in implementing the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana. All households in the state have been successfully covered under the scheme. More than 5.53 lakh households have been covered with 1.55 lakh new bank accounts. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, a nationwide scheme was launched by the Modi government for financial inclusion of every household that does not have a bank account. According to the scheme, every family must have at least a Bank Account and head of the family will get life insurance coverage of Rs 1 lakh in case of accident. All eleven districts have been able to open at least one bank account of every household under the ambitious scheme.

2.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site Palmyra is located in which country?
[A]Iran
[B]Syria
[C]Turkey
[D]Ukraine

Syria
Palmyra is a UNESCO world heritage site located in Syria. Palmyra contains the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. From the 1st to the 2nd century, the art and architecture of Palmyra, standing at the crossroads of several civilizations, married Graeco-Roman techniques with local traditions and Persian influences.

3.

In India service tax is payable only when the value of service provided in a financial year is more than Rs ___?
[A]5 lakh
[B]10 lakh
[C]15 lakh
[D]20 lakh

10 lakh
Service tax is a tax levied by the government on service providers on certain transactions but is actually borne by the customers. It is categorised as indirect tax and came into existence under the finance act, 1994. This tax is payable only when the value of service provided in a financial year is more than Rs 10 lakh. Service tax is not applicable in the state of Jammu & Kashmir.

4.

Driest location on Earth is in which country?
[A]Kenya
[B]Chile
[C]Congo
[D]Kenya

Chile
According to latest research the driest location on Earth in the Atacama Desert, Chile. The location is called Maria Elena South (MES). The site has a mean atmospheric relative humidity (RH) of 17.3 per cent and a soil RH of a constant 14 percent at a depth of one meter. Reference

5.

Who has won the Man Booker International Prize-2015?
[A]Amitav Ghosh
[B]Laszlo Krasznahorkai
[C]George Szirtes
[D]Dame Marina

Laszlo Krasznahorkai
Hungarian writer Laszlo Krasznahorkai has won the Man Booker International Prize-2015. He is the sixth winner Man Booker International Prize. Born in 1954, László Krasznahorkai gained considerable recognition in 1985 when he published Satantango, which he later adapted for the cinema in collaboration with the filmmaker Bela Tarr. In 1993, he received the German Bestenliste Prize for the best literary work of the year for The Melancholy of Resistance and has since been honoured with numerous literary prizes, amongst them the highest award of the Hungarian state, the Kossuth Prize. The Man Booker International Prize, worth £60,000, is awarded for an achievement in fiction on the world stage. It is presented once every two years to a living author for a body of work published either originally in English or available in translation in English. Reference

6.

Which one of the following is not a minor forest produce?
[A]Tendu
[B]Tamarind
[C]Jackfruit
[D]Wild honey

Jackfruit
Minor forest products include all products obtainable from the forests other than wood and thus comprise products of vegetable and animal origin. There are 12 products classified as minor forest produce in India viz., tendu, bamboo, mahuwa seed, wild honey, myrobalan, tamarind, gums and karanj. Jackfruit is not classified as a minor forest produce.

7.

Which country assumed the presidency of 68th World Health Organisation?
[A]Pakistan
[B]India
[C]Sri Lanka
[D]China

India
India assumed the presidency of 68th session of the World Health Organisation. After a gap of 19 year India assumed the presidency of World Health Organisation. Health Minister J P Nadda will preside over the 68th Session of the World Health Assembly (WHA) at Geneva.

8.

Which of the following is the only state in India that produces tin concentrates?
[A]Jharkhand
[B]Chhattisgarh
[C]Rajasthan
[D]Odisha

Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh is the only state producing tin concentrates. In Govindpal-Tongpal area in Dantewada district, Chhattisgarh, tin in the form of cassiterite is being mined from the sediments deposited in the streams. Tin, as a metal, is the most preferred and environment-friendly packing material. Tin plates are used both in packaging food products like processed food, vanaspati ghee, etc. The main consumers in India are the tin plate industry and solder industry. The latter advancing to become the biggest single end-use sector over the last decade.

9.

Othalanga (Cerbera odollam), commonly known as the Suicide tree is found in which state of India?
[A]Kerala
[B]Meghalaya
[C]Karnataka
[D]Sikkim

Kerala
Cerbera odollam, commonly known as the Suicide tree, Pong-pong, and Othalanga. It is a species of tree native to India and other parts of southern Asia. It grows wild along the coast in many parts of Kerala. It yields a potent poison, often used for suicide or murder. The kernels of C. Odollam contain cerberin, a potent cardenolide glycoside belonging to the cardiac glycoside family of toxins that includes digoxin. The poison blocks the calcium ion channels in heart muscle, causing disruption of the heart beat. This is most often fatal. Cerberin is difficult to detect in autopsies and its taste can be masked with strong spices. Therefore it is often used in homicide and suicide in India.

10.

Which of the following states of India has highest number of people suffering from Acute encephalitis?
[A]Bihar
[B]Uttar Pradesh
[C]West Bengal
[D]Assam

Assam
Acute encephalitis syndrome is a group of conditions of that mainly affect the brain and is caused by a wide range of viruses, bacteria, fungi, spirochetes, parasites, chemicals and toxins. The most common type of encephalitis is Japanese encephalitis followed by other types like those caused due to the West Nile virus, Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), Western equine encephalitis virus and many more. In India it has been seen that the number of people suffering from acute encephalitis syndrome is the highest in regions of Assam where 80% of the people suffer from this disease, followed by UP.

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