Draft of Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Secretariat released first official draft of a new post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

Key points

  • This framework will be used to guide actions worldwide through 2030 in order to preserve and protect nature & its essential services to people.
  • Framework comprises of 21 targets for 2030.

Key provisions of framework

Framework calls for:

  • Conservation of 30% of land and sea areas by effective, equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected systems of protected areas.
  • 50% reduction in rate of introduction of invasive alien species and controls or eradication of such species in order to eliminate or reduce their impacts.
  • Reduction of nutrients lost to environment by half & pesticides by two thirds and elimination of discharge of plastic waste.
  • Nature-based contributions towards global climate change mitigation efforts of 10 GtCO2e per year. All mitigation and adaptation efforts avoid negative impacts on biodiversity.
  • Redirecting, repurposing, reforming or eliminating incentives which are harmful for biodiversity.

Four Goals for 2050

Draft framework proposes four goals in order to achieve humanity “living in harmony with nature,” by 2050.

  1. To enhance the integrity of all ecosystems by increasing 15% in area, connectivity and integrity of natural ecosystems.
  2. Contributions of Nature to people have been valued, maintained or enhanced by conservation & sustainable use that supports global development agenda to benefit all.
  3. Benefits from utilization of genetic resources are shared fairly and equitably by increasing monetary and non-monetary benefits shared, for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
  4. Gap between available financial and other means of implementation is closed.


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