SAARC Making Way for BIMSTEC
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has invited leaders of BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) to his swearing-in ceremony on May 30.
This diplomatic gesture to fellow nations along the Bay of Bengal highlights the diminishing returns from India s other regional group SAARC since PM had Modi had invited leaders of the SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) in 2014.
Why SAARC was not able to deliver?
- SAARC comprises of India s immediate neighbours along with strategic allies Afghanistan and Maldives.
- SAARC has been often overshadowed by India-Pak tensions.
- In the first edition of the Raisina Dialogue former Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga had categorically stated that tensions between India and Pakistan have held back South Asian integration.
- In the 21st century, trade is one of the key drivers of regional integration. The South Asian Free Trade Agreement has failed to deliver due to the big negative list.
- India-SAARC trade stood at around $21.5 billion.
Why BIMSTEC is seen as an Alternative?
- Most of the Indian neighbours except Pakistan are part of the BIMSTEC.
- When it comes to trade with SAARC, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka accounted for nearly 60 per cent of India s trade with SAARC. Both Bangladesh and Sri Lanka are part of BIMSTEC.
- BIMSTEC also complements India s Act East policy seeks to increase India s trade and civil interactions with ASEAN. Thailand and Myanmar which are part of ASEAN are also part of BIMSTEC.
- BIMSTEC also provides strategic benefit to India as it unlocks landlocked northeastern states of India by providing greater access.
- BIMSTEC nations had an average annual rate of economic growth between 3.4% and 7.5% from 2012 to 2016.
- One-fourth of the world s traded goods pass through the Bay of Bengal. This makes the region strategically important.
India is now seeing BIMSTEC as the potential tool to implement the Neighborhood First initiative.
Topics: Bangladesh • Bay of Bengal • Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation • BIMSTEC • India- Pakistan • Malaysia • Neighborhood first initiative • North East • Pakistan • Raisina Dialogue • SAARC • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation • Sri lanka • Thailand