Malala Yousafzai Scholarship Act
The United States recently passed the Malala Yousafzai Act for Pakistani Women.
What are the Key Features of the Malala Yousafzai Scholarship Act?
- The Act requires the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to award at least 50% of scholarship to Pakistani women between 2020 and 2022.
- It requires the USAID to leverage investments by Pakistani private sector in the United States. This is being done to improve and expand access to education programs in Pakistan.
- The act makes it mandatory for the USAID to brief the US Congress about the number of scholarships provided under the programme. This includes percentage of recipients who are involuntarily pushed out of the programme for their failure to meet programme requirements as well.
What is the role of USAID in the scholarship programme?
The USAID has so far awarded more than 6000 scholarship to the young women of Pakistan since 2010. These scholarships help the Pakistani women to receive Higher Education in Pakistan. The Malala Yousafzai Scholarship Act aims to expand this programme.
Who is Malala Yousafzai?
Malala is a Pakistani activist for female education. She is also the Youngest Nobel Prize Laureate. She fought against the Taliban for women education. The Taliban had banned girls from attending schools.
On October 2012, Yousafzai was shot by Pakistani Taliban Gunman in retaliation for her activism. She was hit in the head with bullet and remind unconscious. She was later transferred to Queen Elizabeth Hospital in United Kingdom.
What is Malala Day?
On July 12, 2013, Malala spoke at the United Nations to call for worldwide access to education. This was on her 16th birthday coincidentally. The United Nations had dubbed the event as Malala Day.
What is USAID?
It is an interdependent agency of the United States that is responsible for administering foreign aid. It is one of the largest aid agencies in the world with a budget of 27 billion USD.