77th session of the United Nations General Assembly
The 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA77) opened on September 13 and will include a high-level debate organized from September 20 to 26 this year.
- The theme of the UNGA 77 is “A watershed moment: transformative solutions to interlocking challenges”.
- The theme recognizes the shared roots of global crisis like COVID-19, climate change and conflict and highlights the importance of building global sustainability and resilience.
- The event is being organized at the UN Headquarters in New York.
- Discussions will be held among the world leaders on crisis in Ukraine, climate change, food security, access to education and gender equality.
- All 193 UN members will be represented at this event.
- Brazil will be the first UN member state to speak at the annual general debate. It has remained the first speaker for nearly 7 decades since the 10th UNGA in 1955.
- The US, which will host the event, will be the second member state to speak.
- After the first two speeches, the speaking order is set based on the factors like level of representation, the rank of the representatives, preferences and geographical balance.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) is the United Nations’ main policy-making and representative organ. It was set up in 1945. It meets every year between September and December and again between January and August. Each of the 193 UN member states has an equal vote at the General Assembly, where important decisions of the United Nations take place, like appointment of the UN Secretary General, approval of the UN Budget and electing non-permanent members to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). It also adopts resolutions to make recommendations. However, these resolutions are not enforceable.