UNDP Human Development Index

India has been ranked 132 out of 191 countries in the recently released Human Development Report 2021-22 by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Last year the country was ranked 131st


  • This year’s report is titled “Uncertain Times, Unsettled Lives: Shaping Our Future in a Transforming World”.
  • India’s HDI value during 2021 was 0.633, lower than the world average of 0.732. In 2020 also, India recorded a decline in its HDI value (0.642) as compared to the pre-Covid level of 2019 (0.645).
  • Gross National Income (GNI) per capita: India’s GNP per capita (2017 PPP) at $6,590.
  • India’s Life expectancy at birth: In 2021, India’s life expectancy at birth was recorded at 67.2 years.
  • India’s Life expectancy at birth: The decline in India’s HDI from 0.645 in 2018 to 0.633 in 2021 can be attributed to falling life expectancy at birth.
  • Access to knowledge: The expected years of schooling in India is 11.9 years and the average years of schooling is 6.7 years.

Top 5 countries

Switzerland has been ranked first in the report of the United Nations Human Development Index. It is followed by Norway, then Iceland, Hong Kong and Australia in fifth place.

India’s Neighbours

Sri Lanka has been ranked 73rd in the Human Development Index. With this China is ranked 79th, Bhutan 127th, Bangladesh 129th, Nepal 143rd and Pakistan 161st.

About Human Development Index

The HDI is an average measure of basic human development achievements in a country measured by UNDP. It is a summary measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.



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