New Virtual Network Operators License Regime – Unified Licence VNO (UL-VNO)

On June 3, 2016, the Telecom Department has released licence guidelines for virtual network operators for license called Unified Licence VNO (UL-VNO). This opens the door for a new class of telecom players in the country viz. VNOs. Earlier, there was a proposal by the Telecom Commission to allow a licensing regime that would facilitate

What is Spectrum Cap?

The spectrum cap is the limit of radiowaves a telecom operator can hold for providing wireless services. Spectrum cap rules prevent an operator from buying additional spectrum in a respective band. The idea is to prevent operators from acquiring a disproportional amount of spectrum compared to its peers thereby preventing market dominance. As per existing

Spectrum Trading Guidelines 2015

In October 2015, the Department of Telecom has issued the much awaited spectrum trading guidelines.  Spectrum trading refers to transfer of rights to use the spectrum. After spectrum trading, the associated rights and obligations of the spectrum block shall stand transferred from the seller operator to the buyer operator. Under spectrum trading, only outright transfer