Challenges Before Monetary Policy Committee

The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is the body of the RBI headed by its Governor. The body is responsible for taking the important monetary policy decisions for determining the repo rate. The Monetary policy committee is a statutory body established under the provisions of RBI act 1934. The functions of the committee are: The main […]


What is a Contractionary Policy?

Contractionary Policy refers to the monetary policy which aims to slow down the economy by introducing a reduction in money supply for lesser money and investment. There are many economic tools used by the Central Bank of every nation like CRR, SLR, Repo, Reverse Repo, Interest Rate etc. to keep a check on the volume […]

What is the meaning of Cash Reserve Ratio?

Cash Reserve Ratio is a specific amount of funds which the commercial banks have to keep with the Reserve Bank of India to ensure liquidity in the system. The funds are a part of the Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL). A reduction in CRR leads to more liquidity in the system as the banks […]

What is Bank Rate?

Bank Rate is defined as the rate at which Central Bank gives loans to other domestic banks like commercial banks, cooperative banks, development banks etc. The loans are generally given on a short-term basis. It is the way the Central Bank manages the economic activity in the country. The Bank Rate, in turn, goes to […]

Negative Interest Rate Policy (NIRP)

In recent years, the a few central banks such as in Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, European Union (EU) and recently in Japan have implemented the Negative Interest Rate Policy (NIRP) regimes in their jurisdictions in an attempt to raise economic growth and counter deflationary conditions. In this article, we are taking basic to advanced questions related […]