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What is a Contractionary Policy?

Contractionary Policy refers to the monetary policy which aims to slow down the economy by introducing a reduction in money supply for lesser money and investment. There are many economic tools used by the Central Bank of every nation like CRR, SLR, Repo, Reverse Repo, Interest Rate etc. to keep a check on the volume […]

What is the meaning of Cash Reserve Ratio?

Cash Reserve Ratio is a specific amount of funds which the commercial banks have to keep with the Reserve Bank of India to ensure liquidity in the system. The funds are a part of the Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL). A reduction in CRR leads to more liquidity in the system as the banks […]

What is Bank Rate?

Bank Rate is defined as the rate at which Central Bank gives loans to other domestic banks like commercial banks, cooperative banks, development banks etc. The loans are generally given on a short-term basis. It is the way the Central Bank manages the economic activity in the country. The Bank Rate, in turn, goes to […]

Negative Interest Rate Policy (NIRP)

In recent years, the a few central banks such as in Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, European Union (EU) and recently in Japan have implemented the Negative Interest Rate Policy (NIRP) regimes in their jurisdictions in an attempt to raise economic growth and counter deflationary conditions. In this article, we are taking basic to advanced questions related […]

Constraints to Increase Pulse Production in India

In recent years, pulses have become the main drivers of food prices inflation in India. There are three reasons behind this: High demand-supply gap. The above data shows that despite being largest producer of pulses, India is dependent on import of pulses to bridge the demand supply gap. Low productivity and low growth in productivity. […]

Deficit Financing

Deficit refers to the difference between expenditure and receipts. In public finance, it means the government is spending more than what it is earning. Government expenditure and revenue can be split into capital and revenue. Capital expenditure generally includes those expenses which result in creation of assets. Revenue expenditure is primarily that which does not […]

Cash Reserve Ratio

The Cash Reserve Ratio is the amount of funds that the banks are bound to keep with Reserve bank of India as a portion of their Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL). The objective of CRR is to ensure the liquidity and solvency of the Banks. The CRR is maintained fortnightly average basis. Impacts of […]