UNHCR 2022 Global Trends Report

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) published its “2022 annual Global Trends Report” recently.

Findings of the report

  • The report noted that, 100 million people were forced to go back to their homes in 2021, due to violence, war in Ukraine, food insecurity, human rights abuses, climate crisis, and other emergencies from Africa to Afghanistan.
  • There were 23.7 million new internal displacements worldwide, due to disasters. It shows the decrease of seven million, or by 23 per cent, as compared to the last year.
  • On Earth, 1 in every 78 people is now displaced.
  • Largest displacement, 6 million, occurred in China in 2021 due to disasters, followed by the Philippines (5.7 million) and India (4.9 million).
  • Most of the disaster displacements were temporary.
  • Majority of internally displaced persons returned to their home areas. However, 5.9 million people across the world remained displaced at the end of 2021 due to disasters.

People moving back to homes

According to UNHCR, the number of people who were forced to flee their homes has increased in past decade. It stands at the highest level since records started. By 2021 end, number of people displaced by war, persecution, violence, and human rights abuses was 89.3 million, which has increased by 8% and has doubled as compared to figure 10 years ago.

Displacement amid Russian Invasion of Ukraine

Russian invasion of Ukraine has caused the fastest and largest forced displacement crises after World War II from Africa to Afghanistan and beyond. It has pushed the figure over 100 million.

Displacement in India

In India, around five million people were internally displaced due to disasters and climate change in 2021.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

UNHCR is a United Nations agency, that was set up to aid and protect refugees, stateless people and forcibly displaced communities. The body assist them in their voluntary repatriation, resettlement or local integration. Headquarter of UNHCR is in Geneva, Switzerland.

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