Talpa hakkariensis and Talpa davidiana tatvanensis
Scientists have uncovered two previously undiscovered mole species, Talpa hakkariensis and Talpa davidiana tatvanensis, believed to have inhabited the mountains of eastern Turkey for three million years. These subterranean mammals are adept at surviving extreme weather conditions, enduring up to 6 feet of snow in winter and temperatures reaching 122 degrees Fahrenheit in summer. The discovery is exceptional, considering the rarity of finding new mammal species in today’s world.
The study, conducted by researchers from England’s University of Plymouth, Ondokuz Mayis University in Turkey, and Indiana University, utilized advanced DNA technology to confirm the distinct biological nature of the Turkish moles. This research underscores the potential for underestimating the true extent of biodiversity, even within well-studied groups such as mammals.
What are the names of the newly discovered mole species, and where were they found?
The newly identified mole species are Talpa hakkariensis and Talpa davidiana tatvanensis. They were found in the mountains of eastern Turkey.
How long are these mole species believed to have lived undiscovered?
Scientists estimate that these mole species have lived undiscovered for three million years.
What remarkable abilities do these moles have for surviving extreme conditions?
The new mole species can endure up to 6 feet of snow in winter and temperatures of up to 122 degrees Fahrenheit in summer.
Why is the discovery of these mole species considered rare and significant?
The rarity of discovering new mammal species in modern times makes this finding noteworthy. With only around 6,500 known mammal species compared to the vast numbers of other organisms, uncovering new mammals is exceptional.
How did the researchers confirm the distinct nature of the Turkish mole species?
Researchers used advanced DNA technology to compare the DNA of the newly discovered moles with that of other known mole species, establishing their biological uniqueness.
What does this study reveal about biodiversity and our understanding of mammals?
The study highlights the potential for underestimating biodiversity, even within seemingly well-explored groups like mammals. It challenges assumptions about our knowledge of the species with which we share the planet.
Category: Science & Technology Current Affairs