September 14: Hindi Diwas

Hindi Diwas is observed every year on September 14 to commemorate the adoption of Hindi as the official language of India.

Key Facts

  • On September 14, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi as the official language along with English.
  • Article 343 of the Indian Constitution recognizes Hindi in Devanagari script as the official language.
  • On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, the importance of Hindi is promoted and various cultural festivals are organized to celebrate and honour Hindi literature.
  • India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru decided to create the Hindi Diwas on September 14, which coincides with the birth anniversary of Beohar Rajendra Simha, who played a major role in making Hindi India’s official language.
  • Hindi Diwas was celebrated for the first time in 1953.
  • Mahatma Gandhi was the first to advocate for making Hindi the national language of India in Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in 1918.
  • As of 2022, Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world, with about 602.2 million people speaking the language.
  • On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, Home Minister Amit Shah inaugurated second All India Rajbhasha Sammelan.
  • While the National Hindi Diwas is celebrated on September 14, the World Hindi Day (Vishwa Hindi Diwas) is celebrated on January 10 every year to promote the use of Hindi language across the world.
  • Currently, Hindi is spoken in countries such as Fiji, New Zealand, Singapore, Mauritius etc.

Akhil Bharatiya Rajbhasha Sammelan

The Akhil Bharatiya Rajbhasha Sammelan (All India Official Language Conference) was held for the first time in 2021. The two-day conference will be organized by State Language Department of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Discussions will be held on the importance of Hindi during this conference.



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