Management report of National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries
The Union environment Minister shri Prakash Javadekar recently released Management Effectiveness Evaluation report of 146 National Parks and wildlife sanctuaries. The report is first of its kind in the country
What are the Key findings of the report?
- Around 60% of leopard population, 70% of Asiatic lions and 70% of global tiger population are the main reasons for the thriving of the National parks and wild life sanctuaries in the country.
- The top five national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India are Jaldapara National Park of West Bengal, Raiganj wildlife sanctuary, Tirthan wildlife sanctuary, Sainj wildlife sanctuary of Himachal Pradesh and the Great Himalayan National Park.
- The Turtle Wildlife Sanctuary of Uttar Pradesh, Jai Prakash Narayan Bird Sanctuary of Uttar Pradesh were ranked at the bottom most. The other three bottom most wildlife sanctuaries were located in Rajasthan, Haryana and Assam.
- There are 903 protected areas in the country. These areas cover five percent of the total geographic area.
What were the highest performing wildlife sanctuaries?
In the northern region, Great Himalayan and Tirthan Wildlife sanctuary scored the highest. In the southern region, Someshwara wildlife sanctuary and Gulf of Mannar marine national park scored the highest. In the eastern region, Jaldapara Wildlife sanctuary and Raiganj wildlife sanctuary were the highly performers. In the western region, Kuno-Palpur wildlife sanctuary and Pachmarhi wildlife sanctuary were the highest performers. In the north-eastern region, Khangchendzonga National Park and Nongkhyllem wildlife sanctuary of Meghalaya were the highest performers.
What are the other announcements made by the minister?
The minister also announced that from 2021, ten best national parks, top five zoos, top five coastal and marine parks are to be ranked in the country.
From where was the assessment process of the report adopted?
International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA)
What are the key features of the report?
The report was generated based on thirty headline indicators developed under six elements of the Management Effectiveness Evaluation framework.