GK & Current Affairs – December 9, 10, 2015
1. Who has been named as the 2015 Time Magazine’s ‘Person of the Year’?
[B]Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Answer: Angela Merkel
The German Chancellor Ms. Angela Merkel (61) has been named as the 2015 Time magazine’s ‘Person of the Year’. The magazine cited her role in Europe’s crises over migration and Greek debt. Ms. Merkel is followed by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (head of the Islamic State militant group), Mr. Donald Trump (nominated US Presidential candidate), Black Lives Matter ( activist group campaigning against violence towards black people, notably in the US), Mr. Hassan Rouhani (President of Iran), etc. With this, Ms. Merkel became only the 4th woman since 1927 to be named winner and the first women to feature in 29 years. The other three women were Wallis Simpson (1936), Queen Elizabeth II (1952) and Corazon Aquino (1986). The US Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders is the winner of the online readers’ poll for TIME Person of the Year. The readers poll differs from the TIME person of the year award, which is chosen by the editors.
2. Who has won the 2015 The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) award in the engineering category?
Answer: U Ramamurty
The professor of the Indian Institute of Science (IISC) Bengaluru, Mr. U Ramamurty has won the 2015 The Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) award in the engineering category. The other Indians who got the award this year are Mr. Jagdish Ladha (International Rice Research Institute, New Delhi) in the agricultural sciences category and Mr. Sandip Trivedi (Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, Mumbai) in the physics category. The TWAS is a global science academy based in Trieste, Italy, working to advance science and engineering for sustainable prosperity in the developing world. Every year, the Academy awards 8 prizes of worth $15,000 each in the fields of agricultural sciences, biology, chemistry, earth sciences, engineering sciences, mathematics, medical sciences and physics.
3. Who of the following will be conferred with the inaugural Uttar Pradesh Ratna Award?
Answer: Frank Islam
Indian-American entrepreneur and philanthropist, Mr. Frank Islam (63) has been chosen for the inaugural Uttar Pradesh Ratna Award for his achievements and outstanding contributions in a foreign country. He was born in Uttar Pradesh’s (UP) Azamgarh district and studied at Aligarh Muslim University. He will be honoured by UP Chief Minister Mr. Akhilesh Yadav at the inaugural UP Pravasi Diwas in Agra on January 4, 2016. The UP Ratna award has been instituted to recognise achievements and outstanding contributions of NRIs who hail from the state.
4. Which of the following countries will host the 2nd World Internet Conference (WIC)?
The 2nd World Internet Conference (WIC) (or Wuzhen Summit) will be held in Wuzhen, Zhejiang province of China from December 16-18, 2015. The theme of the 2015 WIC is “An Interconnected World Shared and Governed by All—Building a Cyberspace Community of Shared Destiny”. The Conference will be a platform for building a cyberspace community of shared destiny, advocating worldwide respect to diversity, focusing on mutual development, forging consensus and confronting risks jointly.
5. What is the name of the first official stock exchange launched by Myanmar?
[A]Myanmar stock Exchange (MSX)
[B]Naypyidaw Stock Exchange (NSX)
[C]Yangon Stock Exchange (YSX)
[D]Mandalay Stock Exchange (MnSX)
Answer: Yangon Stock Exchange (YSX)
Recently, Myanmar has launched its first stock exchange – ” Yangon Stock Exchange (YSX)”. Initially, it will be open only to Myanmar companies and investors, and future law changes will eventually allow foreigners to invest in Myanmar shares. The exchange is founded by the state-owned Myanmar Economic Bank, Daiwa Securities and Japan Exchange Group, a company that operates the Tokyo Stock Exchange. The trading in the exchange is expected to begin in February or March 2016.
6. Currently, which of the following countries is the largest oil supplier to India?
Saudi Arabia Iran
India imports 80% of its oil demand. Presently Saudi Arabia is the largest supplier of oil to India. Saudi Arabia is followed by Iraq, Nigeria, Venezuela and Iran. Iran was India’s second biggest supplier of crude oil after Saudi Arabia till 2010-11. After the Western countries sanctions imposed on Iran, India brought down the purchases in 2012-13 and had limited them in the years thereafter.In November 2016, Iran took over Saudi Arabia as India’s top oil supplier.
7. Which of the following countries has successfully launched the Ghadr-110 ballistic missile?
Recently, Iran has successfully test fired medium range Ghadr-110 ballistic missile near the Chabahar, a port city in southeast of country along the Gulf of Oman. It is an improved and advance version of Shahab 3 missile. It has a range of 1,800 –2000 km and is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead as well as conventional warheads.
8. On which date, the International Anti-Corruption Day is observed?
Answer: December 9
The International Anti-Corruption Day has been observed annually on December 9. The theme of this year is “Break the corruption chain”. This year’s joint international campaign focuses on how corruption undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to human rights violations, distorts markets, erodes quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish.
9. Which of the following organisations has released the report titled – ‘Asian Economic Integration Report 2015’?
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has released a report titled – ‘Asian Economic Integration Report 2015: How Can Special Economic Zones Catalyze Economic Development?’. The report examined current trends in trade, finance, migration, remittances and other economic activities in the region, with a special chapter on the role of special economic zones (SEZs).
10. Shweta Singh is related to which of the following sports?
ONGC’s Shweta Singh has clinched the gold medal in the women’s 10m air pistol at the 59th National Shooting Championship. It was the sixth national women’s air pistol gold for Shweta. She was followed by Yashaswini.
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