Significant decline in percentage of poverty in Odisha and Bihar

As per the recent data, in Odisha the proportion of people below the poverty line (BPL) declined from 57.2% in 2004-05 to 32.6% in 2011-12 which resulted in a decline of 24.6%. In Bihar the proportion of people below the poverty line (BPL) declined to 33.7% in 2011-12 as compared to 54.4% in 2004-05 i.e. a reduction by 20.7%.

Key statistics:

  • All over India the BPL population is estimated to be 21.9% i.e. around 270 million. This means that roughly every fifth Indian lives below the poverty line.
  • Anyone earning Rs 27.20 or less in rural areas is BPL, while those earning up to Rs 33.30 a day in urban areas are classified as poor which varies from state to state.
  • Uttar Pradesh has just less than 30% of its population in the BPL group i.e. around 60 million people.
  • Even after the improvement Bihar still has 35.8 million poor and ranks second followed by Madhya Pradesh where 31.6% of the population is BPL.
  • Among the BIMARU states only Rajasthan has managed to do better than the national average with the share of BPL in total population estimated at 14.7% in 2011-12, compared to 34.4% in 2004-05 and is now a better performer than Gujarat with respect to its rapid growth and good infrastructure.
  • Gujarat has 16.6% people below the poverty line.
  • The decline in poverty is much steep in rural areas as BPL population came down to 25.8% (2011-12) from 42% (2004-05), around 17%, as against around 12% points in urban areas.