India successfully conducts testing of Prithvi II missile
India recently conducted the test fire of Prithvi II missile, developed indigenously and was successful. The test was conducted at Chandipur Integrated Test Range, Odisha.
The missile struck a range of 350 km. The test fire was one of the routine exercises. The trajectory of the missile was tracked by electro optical tracking systems, radars and telemetry stations of DRDO. The launch activity was carried out by Strategic Force Command of Army and was carried out by scientists of Defence Research Development Organization.
About Prithvi Missile
It is a short-range ballistic missile indigenously developed by India. The missile was developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme in 1983. It was the first missile developed by DRDO.
Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme
The project was started under the leadership of the late Shri Abdul Kalam. After the successful development of the strategic missiles, the programme was ended in 2008. Four main projects were conducted under the programme. They were as follows
- Prithvi: Short Range Surface-to-Surface missile
- Trishul: Short Range Low-level surface to air missile
- Akash: Medium Range Surface-to-air Missile
- Nag: Third Range anti-tank Missile
The project faced several hurdles from MTCR (Missile Technology Control Regime). Under MTCR, India was restricted to access technologies that would help the country build its missile development programme. However, India successfully developed indigenously all the restricted components that were denied to it by the MTCR.
The MTCR was established by the G-7 countries. It restricted proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The MTCR focused mainly on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and rockets. Also, MTCR focused on restricting production of nuclear weapons.
Strategic Forces Command
It is the nuclear command wing of India. It mainly administers and manages strategic nuclear weapons in the country. It was created in 2003 by the then Vajpayee Government. The missiles that are under the Strategic Forces Command are Prithvi, Agni and Surya.
Category: Defence Current Affairs