What is the test of defamatory nature of statement?

[Law of Torts] –  The test of defamatory nature of statement is that its tendency is to excite against the plaintiff the adverse opinion or feeling of other persons, the typical form of defamation is an attack upon the moral character of the plaintiff, attributing to him any form of disgraceful conduct, such as, crime, dishonesty, untruthfulness, ungratitude or cruelty. A statement is defamatory if it tends to bring the plaintiff into ridicule even though there is no suggestion of any form misconduct.