Women in India do not enjoy their full reproductive rights. Highlight the interventions adopted to remove these barriers.
Reproductive health & choices are an important component of fundamental rights to life & personal liberty of women, under Article 21 as ruled by the Supreme Court in a recent judgement.
Despite above fundamental right, there exist barriers to its realization:
- Inadequacy of healthcare infrastructure – Doctor/population ratio is below WHO recommended 1:1000. Also PHC/population ratio is also low.
- Lack of awareness among families about importance of institutional deliveries.
- Orthodox attitude leading to vaccine resistance, etc.
- Patriarchal societal norms leading to early marriage & childbirth among women, leading to high rate of undernourishment and anaemia.
- Societal practices like women eating last.
- Lack of access to safe contraceptives.
Interventions to remove above barriers:
- Nutrition support – Reproductive Maternal, Neonatal & adolescent health schemes focussing on nutrition of women & children, like Poshan Abhiyan.
- Financial incentives to promote right behaviour. E.g., PM Matra Vandana Yojna to compensate for wages loss and provide adequate rest.
- Conditional cash transfer based on 1st dose of vaccines.
- Behaviour change approaches – Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Abhiyan, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna to encourage delayed marriage, etc.
- Scholarships for girl students to promote higher education. E.g., Kiran Yojna.
- Enhanced access to contraceptives via ASHA and schemes like Antara & Chhaya Yojna.
A comprehensive set of interventions are needed from societal and institutional to financial, to promote better reproductive health in women.
Topics: GS-I: Role of Women and Women's Organization • GS-II: Mechanisms Laws for Protection of Vulnerable Sections • GS-II: Social Sector Services Health • GS-II: Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections