What are the major flaws in Indiaï¿½s national security architecture that must be addressed? Discuss the solutions for formulating a national security strategy for India.
Published: May 27, 2019
National securityï¿½refers to the protection of a nation from attack or other danger by holding adequate armed forces and guarding state secrets.
Major flaws in the National security architecture of India:
- Need to revamp functioning of National Security Council: The National Security Council (NSC) was set up in 1998.It almost never meets. It is an advisory body with no enforceable powers. The government should amend rules to give more powers to the NSC and its subordinate organizations.
- Need to reform the role of the National Security Adviser: NSA plays a vital role in national security. He has no legal powers.ï¿½There is need for creation of an NSA with the rank of a Cabinet Minister.ï¿½He is not accountable to Parliament.ï¿½The institution of the NSA today requires more accountability and legal formality.
Solutions for removing shortcomings in security architecture of India:
- There is a need of proper national security strategy for India.
- There should be peaceful resolution of Internal and external conflicts.
- Fundamental structure reforms in the national security planning are the need of the hour.
- Hooda document recommendations should be followed. The key recommendations in the document are both timely and well-thought-out.
Discrimination, inequality, lack of opportunities, and buffeted by the risks of climate change, technology disruption, and water and energy scarcity are among the some challenges to the modern India. True security is when large sections of our population are safe and secure. There is need to comprehensively solve challenges posed by new technologies to social unrest to inequality.
Model Questions Category: 087 - Role of External State and Non State Actors in Creating Challenges to Internal Security