What are the key findings of 'India State Level Disease Burden' report?
The India State-level Disease Burden Initiative is a collaboration between the Indian Council of Medical Research, Public Health Foundation of India, and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington. It is an initiative taken to improve health programs and planning in India. It has been prepared as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016.
The recent report of India State Level Disease Burden was published on 14th November, 2017, by the Honorable Vice President of India, Venkaiah Naidu in presence of J P Nadda, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare. The findings of the report included the facts that:
- The life expectancy of a person born in India in 1960 was 40 years, which has increased now.
- Of every 1000 live children born in India in 1960, about 160 died in the first year, but now this death rate of infants is about a fourth of that level.
- Every State in India has a higher burden from non-communicable diseases and injuries than from infectious diseases. Per person burden due to major infectious disease is 7 to 9 times higher in the states like Bihar, Odisha, U.P, Assam, Rajasthan, M.P. and Jharkhand than in other states.
- The contribution of non-communicable diseases to health loss has doubled in India over the past two decades and air pollution and tobacco smoking are the major contributors.
The report will help the government to take appropriate measures to enunciate provision for health services that are suitable for the health situation of particular state, mainly through the public sector. It will also help to make certain adequate mechanisms at the grass-root level for keeping Indians healthy and for suitable healthcare when they fall sick. It will also inform health planning with a view toward reducing health inequalities among States.