To what extent the Tripura Model has been successful in improving the Human Development Index of the state? Discuss its salient features.

Published: November 18, 2017

Ans. In the early 2000s, Tripura embarked on a unique path to peace, which did not rely solely on the security measures but was largely based on investment in human development and people’s participation in the implementation of socio-political and economic policies. Upto year 2006-2007, the regions in Tripura were in constant threat of violence from the insurgent groups and to deal with this dangerous situation, the idea to free people from threats to life and limb was evolved so as to achieve their full potential and increase the human capital.
With the passing time, there has been a tremendous change in the socio-political and economic scenario of Tripura. Some of the salient features of the Tripura model are- in the earlier times, illiteracy was one of the basic problem of the state owing to the problem of separatist militancy but with the growing time, there has been rapid increase in the literacy rate as evident from the Census report which reflected the increase of literacy rate from 735 to 87% between 2001 -2011. With reference to the performance of the State, which is reflected in the form of growth rate of per capita State Domestic Product (SDP), Tripura stands at the rate of 9%-10% p.a wherein per capita Net Domestic Product of India is growing only at around 5% p.a. There has been an increase in the labour force participation and work force participation in the state, especially among women. Tripura has also been continuously ranked first among the States of India in last 5-6 years with respect to the implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). The reason behind such tremendous rise in the workforce participation, especially for females is because of the prevalent safe environment. In such a short span of time, if the state has been able to develop so much, it is possible only because of its faith in wholesome development of humans rather than mere capital investment.

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