The treaty on Nuclear Non-Proliferation (NPT) has many flaws despite its universal acceptance. Comment on India’s position on the related issues.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) remains the principle instrument to ensure global peace from a Nuclear Armageddon.
Universal acceptance of NPT:
- Upholds principle of limiting nuclear devices. Sufficient warheads are present to wipe the entire planet several times over.
- Ensures use of nuclear technology only for peaceful ends, like nuclear energy.
- Instrumental in maintaining peace and retracting proliferation of nuclear bombs.
However, it remains deeply flawed from India’s point of view:
- Inhibits R&D in defence capabilities.
- Does not take into cognisance the nuclear threat India faces from its immediate neighbours Pakistan & China.
- Does not acknowledge India’s commitment to no first use.
- Hinders access to nuclear tech to aid India to transition to net carbon neutral as per COP-26 commitments through nuclear energy.
Thus while it seeks to foster status quo and peace, the NPT should remain cognizant to India’s track record as well as its unique strategic challenges.