The principal constraint for India is trying to find solutions to 21st century problems using 19th century government structures. Discuss.
21st century India is faced with a novel set of issues & challenges, influenced by globalization, technology revolution, 4th Industrial revolution, climate change, etc.
21st Century Problems:
- Dual use of technology & their consequences. E.g. AI & associated privacy concern.
- New forms of security threats. E.g. Cyber threat, Drones, etc.
- Integrated nature of problems. E.g. Covid-Health-Education-Poverty.
- Governance issues like beneficiary identification, corruption, identity judging.
Despite changing nature of problems, current government structure is obsolete:
- Silos based approach – Lack of integration between various departments & organs of government.
- Lack of adoption of newer technologies. E.g. Absence of smart walls to tackle newer border security issues like drone attacks.
- Colonial laws emphasizing on prohibition and regulation rather than coordination and cooperation. E.g. IPC section on Sedition.
- High emphasis on procedures, lack of proactive & empathetic & people driven approach.
- Lack of intelligence inputs & citizen participation in policy making.
- Reform existing departments & ministries to increase coordination & cooperation on inter-ministerial issues.
- People-centric bureaucracy.
- Technology-driven solutions such as border management.
- Social audits as an integral element of schemes.
- Bottom-up planning.
- Repeal obsolete laws; accept criticism as an integral element of democracy.
Change is the only constant. It is time to align our governance structure to present day needs.
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