The Himalayan Foothills abound in natural as well as artificial wetlands." Discuss with suitable examples.

Published: September 19, 2017

Wetlands are defined as land which is saturated with water seasonally or permanently with water and takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem. India has 26 Ramsar wetland sites and a number of small and large wetlands.
Himalayan Foothills are abound with wetlands

  • Wetlands in Himalayan region of Jammu and Kashmir, H.P are of glacial origin like Wular lake.
  • Terai is a lowland region on the foothills of Shiwaliks, this region is crossed by number of rivers like Sarda , Karnali etc . Thus the number of rivers originating from Himalayas when encountered with slope reduction form channels after deposition of load
  • The eastern Himalayan region receive very heavy rainfall and are flooded due to rivers like Brahmaputra leading to swamp forests.
  • Himalayan foothills also boast of number of man-made wetlands like Ropar wetland on River Sutlej, Maharana Pratap Sagar reservoir on river Beas created for irrigation , drinking water supply.

Thus presence of perennial, fast flowing rivers, settlement of population, topography, land forms created by glaciers have made Himalayan foothills abound with wetlands.

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