The 5G technology has the potential to transform India, but India needs a robust IT infrastructure and effective cyber security strategy for its wide adoption, because of risks and vulnerabilities associated with this technology. Analyse.

The 5G technology is expected to drive the next industrial revolution, as it enables wider use of Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, 3D and Machine Learning in real life applications.

Adoption of 5G on a wider scale alone will add 0.8% to the GDP. However, this technology has various challenges associated with it.

Challenges and need for robust IT infra:

  • The components used in 5G are mainly manufactured in China, which itself creates privacy and data theft issues.
  • Issues related to data privacy.
  • It will require fundamental change in the core architecture of existing communication system.
  • Creates financial liability on customers to upgrade their devices.
  • Lack of capital available with telecom companies.
  • Higher cost of spectrum.
  • Further deepens the digital divide.
  • Limited fiscal space available with government in light of Covid pandemic and recent global slowdown.
  • Can expose military and critical infrastructure at risk if implemented through non-friendly technology.

Thus, India needs a forward looking cyber infrastructure and security policy along with international cooperation.

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