"In comparison to the temperate fishing, tropical fishing is insignificant not only in terms of quantity but also quality." Elucidate the reasons.
Tropical fishing is practiced in 30° north and south of Equator.
The major tropical fish-producing countries are China, Peru, Chile, Indonesia India, Thailand, Sri Lanka etc.
Some of the reasons as to why tropical fishing is insignificant not only in terms of quantity but also quality in comparison to temperate fishing are-
- Lack of Plankton- The tropical waters are warm in comparison to temperate waters. Therefore, warm water is not apt for plankton growth. An abundant amount of plankton is needed for fish concentration.
- High Temperature- Tropical areas are hot and this becomes difficult for fishermen to undertake fishing activities as well as the preservation of fish becomes difficult.
- Variety of Species- There is a variety of fish species found in the
- tropical waters. But, their quantity and quality is adequate to be called a good production.Lack of Shallow Shelf- It is believed that shallow continental shelf are natural breeding grounds for fishes. But the tropical waters lack shallow shelf and therefore there is less quantity of fish found in tropical waters.
- Lack of indented coastline- It is believed that broken coastlines are suitable for constructing fishing harbours. But there is the absence of such indented coastline in the tropical waters.
- Under-developed Economy- The major backdrop in the tropical countries is the lack of requisite technology and modern equipment as well as low investment in the fishing industry in comparison to temperate countries which give impetus to the industry.