While underlining the role of technology in border management, discuss the objectives and contours of Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS).
India has long territorial and coastal boundaries and the task of border management become even more complicated due to geographical factors. There are mountains, swamps, rivers, deserts, forests, and variety of other geographical features which pose a challenge in front of security forces. Technology can play a significant role in border management. For example, virtual fencing, surveillance through satellites, the sensor for movement detection, alarms etc can help in better management of borders. Also, areas like Siachen can be better monitored with help of technological solutions.
Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) will have indigenously designed virtual fencing system. With the help of latest technology system would detect infiltration via land, underwater, air and tunnels. So this will be helpful in counter infiltration and cross-border terror.
CIBMS integrates, manpower, sensors and command and control so that situational awareness can be improved and quick response as per circumstances can be facilitated. One of the major components of CIBMS is the ‘virtual fence’. This will be very helpful, keeping the difficult geographical features in mind. The second component is the command and control, to help in optimum utilization of resources for border management. Another component is power management so that CBIMS can run without any interruptions.
Presently Border Security Force is working on a CIBMS along the International Border with Pakistan. With two nuclear power in the neighborhood, India is in the hostile region. Therefore in order to improve border management, it is necessary to reinforce the efficiency of security forces by providing the latest technologies.