How the abrupt withdrawal of Non-cooperation movement shaped further the socioeconomic and political processes in India? Explain while limiting yourself to events before launch of Civil Disobedience Movement.

The decision to withdraw the movement drew criticism from many national leaders. Many felt that the movement, which was at its peak, should not have been withdrawn because of one incident in one part of the country. This sudden withdrawal of non-cooperation movement led to formation of Swaraj Party by CR Das and Motilal Nehru, to play crucial role in legislatures by actively opposing the British policies. The euphoria of Hindu-Muslim unity was over. Communalism started growing with the halt of non-cooperation movement. The sudden withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation Movement left many of young leader disillusioned; they began to question the basic strategy of nationalist leadership and its emphasis on non-violence and began to look for alternatives. But since these younger nationalists were not attracted to the parliamentary work of the Swarajists or to the patient, undramatic, constructive work of the No-changers, they were drawn to the idea that violent methods alone would free India. Thus, revolutionary terrorism was revived.


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