Explain what changes and problems were experienced by Japan in the years after 1990.
There were paradoxical changes in the Japanese economy and politics after 1990 which are as follows:
- Japanese started to consume less as compared to Americans, Germans and British. This was due to the higher prices, wage increases was behind inflation and sky rocketing property prices.
- In 1980s the government spent on infrastructure which resulted in recession in 1992-93 and public spending suffered.
- As the economic growth slowed down, the productivity of workers decreased and Japanese industries became less competitive internationally. To compensate and remain competitive, Industrialists increased production outside Japan.
- With the decreasing trade surplus, declining exports and low productivity, lay off increased and unemployment was at 5.4 % in 2001.
- A study suggested that this happened due to bureaucracy and banks because they were insulated from any interference of the government.
- There were involvement of government ministers in corruption scandals. This kept the political front volatile and many resignations and changes in government took place.