Enumerate the location distribution and factors responsible for location of Engineering industry in India.

India has started emerging as an important nation in the field of engineering indus­tries. The major industries and the important indus­trial centres are listed here:

  • Heavy Engineering Equipment: Ranchi, Durgapur and Naini.
  • Automobiles: Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Faridabad, Pune and Gurgaon.
  • Locomotives: Chittaranjan, Jamshedpur, Vara­nasi and Bhopal.
  • Railway Coaches and Wagons: Perambur, Ban­galore, Agarpara, Dumdum, Kolkata, Bharat­pur and Kapurthala.
  • Machines and Tools: Bangalore, Mumbai, Kol­cutta, Howrah, Chennai, Hyderabad, Pune, Pinjore, Sirmur, Kalamassary and Kota.
  • Aircraft: Bangalore, Kanpur, Nasik (frames only) Koraput (Engines) and Hyderabad (Elec­tronics).
  • Heavy Electricals: Bhopal, Tiruchirapalli, Hardwar, Naini and Patiala.
  • Ship-building and Repairs: Vishakapatnam (ship-building) Mazagon Docks of Mumbai, Kidderpore Docks of Kolkata (repairing coastal ships and frigates), Garden Reach Docks and Workshop Kolkata and Kochi. Kochi Shipyard is the largest shipyard of India.

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