Discuss the salient features of the Kalinga School of Architecture. How it is different from the Nagara style?
Published: May 1, 2016
The Indian temples are broadly divided into Nagara, Vesara, Dravida and Gadag styles of architecture. However, the temple architecture of Odisha corresponds to altogether a different category for their unique representations called Kalinga style of temple architecture. This style broadly comes under the Nagara style.
In Kalinga Architecture, basically a temple is made in two parts, a tower and a hall. The tower is called deul and the hall is called jagmohan. The walls of both the deul and the jagmohan are lavishly sculpted with architectural motifs and a profusion of figures. The most repeated form is the horseshoe shape, which has come from the earliest times, starting with the large windows of the chaitya-grihas. It is the deul or deula which makes three distinct types of temples in Kalinga Architecture.
Some examples of Kalinga Architecture include Shatruganeswara Temples, Mukteshwar Temple, Bhubneshwar; Rajarani temple, Bhubneshwar; Lingaraj Temple, Bhubneshwar;Sun Temple Konark; Khichakeswari Temple.
Model Questions Category: 003 - Indian Architecture