Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.
Published: December 5, 2016
Women’s participation in India’s freedom struggle dates back to 1817. While women were involved since the foundation of the Congress, it was Gandhi who initiated the mass participation of women in the freedom struggle.
Role of women during the Gandhian phase:
- Many women played a proactive role in the Gandhian movement. Kasturba Gandhi was imprisoned for participating in the Quit India movement and died in Poona Jail. While the Vijay Laxmi Pandit actively participated in the Civil disobedience movement, Indira Gandhi organised the Monkey army of youths.
- Women played an important role in the mobilisation of the masses by leading the front through their writings. Women like Aruna Asaf Ali was one of the leading figures in the Quit India movement and edited the journal ‘Inquilab’.
- Some women also took revolutionary steps against British rule. Kalpana Duta was one of the prominent leaders and a part of the Chittagong armoury raid.
- Bikaji Cama organized the Free India Society in the UK and was called as India’s first cultural representative of the US. It was Vijay Laxmi Pandit who raised the Voice of India at the UN meeting in San Franciso, while Sarojini Nadu participated in the round table conference along with Nehru and Gandhi.
- Some of the prominent leaders of the Indian national congress included Anne Besant and Sarojini Nadu. It was during the civil disobedience when women volunteers participated in the boycott and Prabhat Pheris.
Hence, the women played an important role in India’s freedom struggle ranging from holding the mass movement to inspiring via their writings.
Model Questions Category: 016 - Role of Women and Womens Organization
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