Bhutan asserted that China should maintain status quo on Doklam. Discuss the recent Doklam issue. Why China is so much interested in the region?
Doklam plateau is a 269-sq km plateau in Bhutan. It overlooks the strategic Chumbi Valley. The plateau is lying in the tri-junction of India,ï¿½Chinaï¿½and Bhutan.
- The plateau is claimed by China
- The issue arises when a road construction by the Peopleï¿½s Liberation Army of China took place in the Doklam plateau. China claims it to be a part of its Donglang region. However, India and Bhutan recognize it as Doklam, a Bhutan territory
- Indian Army objected the action of China
- China accused Indian troops of entering in its territory and India accused the Chinese of destroying its bunkers
- China stopped the passage of pilgrims towards Kailash-Mansarovar through the Nathu La pass
- India is worried that if the road is completed, it will give China greater access to Indiaï¿½s vulnerable Siliguri Corridor that links the seven north eastern states to the Indian mainland
- The road, which passes through Bhutanï¿½s territory, has significantly enhanced Chinaï¿½s military logistics in the region
- China aims to promote the development of the Yadong region, which is connected to Lhasa with a highway
- China is also aiming to establish formal ties with Bhutan
- China wants to adopt a military posture in the area to ensure that it can defeat India in any military contest
Bhutan and India have a very cordial relationship whereas Bhutan and China do not have formal relations. The on-ground flag meets and the diplomatic phase of talks will resolve the issues effectively.