UPSC Prelims Mini Mock Test: 657
December 24, 2020 May 22, 2021
Consider the following statements regarding the Cuddapah and Vindhyan systems of rock formations :
- The well-known Panna and Golcunda diamonds are found in the Cuddapah system.
- Vindhyan System is the famous source of red sandstone and other building material.
Which of the above Statement(s) is/are correct?
[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 and 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Answer: B [Only 2]
Cudappah System rocks are rich in sandstone, shale, limestone, quartzite, and slate. They contain iron and other inferior quality of ores and minerals. They are mainly found in Cudappah district of Andhra Pradesh along with other places such as Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Delhi, and the lesser Himalayas. One of the important series of Cudappah System is Papagani series, named after the river of same name in Andhra Pradesh. The Vindhyan mountains form a dividing line between the Ganges plain and Deccan Plateau. The Vindyan system is named after Vindhyan Mountains. This system rocks are extensively distributed in India from Chittorgarh (Rajasthan) to sasaram (bihar).
Which of the following is / are correct matches of the GI protected arts of India and their respective states?
- Patan Patola – Gujarat
- Channapatna toys – Karnataka
- Nachiarkoil brass lamp – Tamil Nadu
Which among the above is / are correct?
[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3
Correct Answer: D [1, 2 & 3]
- Patan Patola “Patan Patola”, a double-sided saree from Gujarat.
- Channapatna toys The “Channapatna toys” are a particular form of wooden toys that are manufactured in Channapatna town in Karnataka state. The toys from this place are famous worldwide for their uniqueness. The traditional toys and dolls made of special wood in colours are protected as a geographical indication.
- Nachiarkoil brass lamp Traditional brass lamps from Nachiarkoil in Thanjavur district obtained the geographical indication (GI) tag. The traditional Nachiarkoil brass lamps are known as Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku. The production of the ornamental lamp is mainly done by local artisans who have domicile in and around Nachiarkoil, a town in Kumbakonam taluk. The craftsmanship is not found anywhere else. The lamps made for temples are artistically used in South India. The lamp usually consists of four parts—base (Keezhbagam), stem (kandam), oil container (Thanguli) and the apex or Prabhai. The Thanguli or oil container consists of V-shaped spouts to hold the wicks. These four parts are joined together with the help of screw threads. The lamps are suspended from the ceiling and richly decorated and always excellent in workmanship and design.
3. What do we call the roots of some orchid plants, which hang in the air and absorb moisture from it?
[A] Assimilatory Roots
[B] Epiphytic Roots
[C] Sucking Roots
[D] Stilt Roots
Correct Answer: B [ Epiphytic Roots]
Epiphytic roots are the roots of some orchid plants, which hang in the air and absorb moisture and nutrients from the air, rain water. Examples of epiphytic roots are mosses, liverworts, lichens, and algae of temperate zone and ferns, cacti, orchids, and bromeliads in the tropics.
4. Consider the following statements:
1. Much of the financial savings of the Indian household sector is in the form of Bank Deposits
2. Deposits made in Public Banks, Private Banks as well as Cooperative Banks are insured under Deposit Insurance in India
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Answer: C [ Both 1 & 2 ]
Both are correct statements
5. Which of the following chemicals has been recently banned by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India to be used as food additive?
[A] Potassium bromate
[C] Sodium benzoate
[D] Monosodium Glutamate
Correct Answer: A [Potassium bromate]
The government has recently banned the use of potassium bromated as a food additive. The chemical is used widely in making of bread. As per reports of Centre for Science and Environment the chemical is said to cause cancer.