Reserve Bank of India

Repo Rate

Repo rate, or repurchase rate, is the rate at which RBI lends to banks for short periods. This is done by RBI buying government bonds from banks with an agreement to sell them back at a fixed rate. Objective of Repo The objective of Repo is to inject liquidity in the system. If RBI wants […]


Marginal Standing Facility

Marginal Standing Facility is a new Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) window created by Reserve Bank of India in its credit policy of May 2011.  MSF is the rate at which the banks are able to borrow overnight funds from RBI against the approved government securities. The question is – Banks are already able to borrow […]

Board for Payment and Settlement Systems

In 2005, RBI constituted the Board for Payment and Settlement Systems (BPSS) as a Committee of its Central Board. The functions are to regulate and supervise the payment and settlement systems. This is also chaired by the Governor of RBI and its members are all the four Deputy Governors and two Non-Official Directors of the […]

Reverse Repo Rate

Reverse repo rate is the rate of interest at which the RBI borrows funds from other banks in the short term . This is done by RBI selling government bonds / securities to banks with the commitment to buy them back at a future date. The banks use the reverse repo facility to deposit their […]

Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)

Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) is the primary instrument of Reserve Bank of India for modulating liquidity and transmitting interest rate signals to the market. It refers to the difference between the two key rates viz. repo rate and reverse repo rate. Informally, Liquidity Adjustment Facility is also known as Liquidity Corridor. When LAF was introduced? On […]