What was Butler Commission?

Harcourt Butler Committee or Butler Commission was a three -member committee headed by Harcourt Butler, appointed on December 16, 1927 to examine the relations between the native states and the paramount power, declined to define what paramountcy was but clearly and fortrightly stated that “paramountcy must remain paramount”. The committee fully endorsed that the viceroy, […]



Whip is an official appointed to maintain discipline among, secure attendance of, and give necessary information to, members of his party. The other functions are as follows: Serve as channel of communication between party and its members Gauge the opinion of the members and communicate it to party leaders. There are three types of whip […]

Celebrities in Indian Politics

Charisma or Personality of a leader has been a defining factor in Indian Politics. Today, political parties, whether national or regional, involve celebrities from all walks of life including painters, singers, film actors, theatre personalities, academicians and so on. Film Personalities as Politicians: Key Facts Film Celebrities have been participating in Indian politics since Nehru […]


Alter-globalisation stands for alternative globalisation. It is a social movement that seeks to retain and preserve the positive aspects of globalisation while simultaneously doing away with the negative effects of globalisation. Simply put, it aims to make popular a better and alternative version to globalisation. The movement is not anti-globalisation, but just lobbies and works […]

Issue of Bringing Political Parties under RTI

In June 2013, CIC via an order had declared the political parties as public authorities and brought them under the RTI Act. It also asked them to appoint appellate bodies to answer RTI queries.  Under Section 2(h) of the RTI Act, a public authority is defined as any ‘non-governmental organization substantially financed, directly or indirectly, […]