Memorable Points : Indian Constituion
- Article 14-18 : Right to Equality
- Article 19-22: Right to Freedom
- Article 23-24: Right against exploitation
- Article 25-28: Right to Freedom of religion
- Article 29-30: Cultural & educational rights
- Article 32: Right to constitutional remedies (Called by Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar the very heart & soul of Indian Constitution)
- Fundamental rights are protected by constitutional remedy by way of an application directed to supreme court under article 32 and High court under article 226.
- The funadamental rights were finalized by Committee of constituent assembly headed by Sardar Vallabh Bhai patel
- Article 17 & 24 are absolute rights
- Article 33: Parliament has power to modify the application of fundamental rights to the members of the Armed Forces or Police forces.
- Parliament amended Article 13 and Article 368 by the 24th amendment act 1971 to empower itself to amend Part III of the constitution
Article 352: Automatic suspension of fundamental rights under certain conditions. (in emergency for example)
- Article 359: President has the power to suspend any or all the fundamental rights by issuing a proclamation during emergency, however 44th Amendment Act 1978 prohibits suspension of Article 20 & 21 even during emergency.
- Ariticle 61 outlines impeachment of president
- Article 62 : When a vacancy occurs in the office of the president , Vice President acts as President until new president assumes office/
- Attorney general is appointed according to article 76
- Article 324: Provided single election commission for India
- EC was a single member body till 1989 , In October 1989 the president of india appointed two more ECs for the very first time.
- An Ordinance of 1993, made the powers of EC equal to that of CEC.
- Article 312 (2) provides IAS IPS will be All India Services
- Indian Forest service was created in 1966.
- Article 280: provides for appointment of a finance commission at five years intervels
- 42nd amendment act extended the normal life of the Lok Sabha to 6 years and 44th amendment act set it at 5 years.
- Age of voting was reduced to 18 years by 61st amendment bill 1988.
- Article 153: Provids for an office of the Governor