Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) is a type of random access memory that stores each bit of data in a separate capacitor within an integrated circuit. Since real capacitors leak charge, the information eventually fades unless the capacitor charge is refreshed periodically. Because of this refresh requirement, it is a dynamic memory as opposed to SRAM and other static memory. Its advantage over SRAM is its structural simplicity; only one transistor and a capacitor are required per bit, compared to six transistors in SRAM.

This allows DRAM to reach very high density. Since DRAM loses its data when the power supply is removed, it is in the class of volatile memory devices. VRAM is a dual-ported version of DRAM formerly used in graphics adaptors. It is now almost obsolete, having been superseded by SDRAM and SGRAM. VRAM has two paths (or ports) to its memory array that can be used simultaneously.

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