Foundation of Ghadar Party 1913
The founding president of Ghadar Party was Sohan Singh Bhakna and Lala Hardayal was the co-founder of this party.
It was after 1910, when the activities of India House had declined and the cradle of activities shifted from Europe to America. Lal Hardayal was In India till 1909, when he moved to Paris and associated himself with a newspaper Vande Mataram over there.
In 1911 he settled in San Francisco and indulged in Industrial Unionism. In 1912, when Basant Kumar Biswas threw Bomb on Lord Hardinge, he was in America and was very much impressed with this.
- In 1913, Pacific Coast Hindustan Association was founded by Lala Hardayal with Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president, which was called Ghadar Party.
- The members of this party were the immigrant sikhs of US and Canada.
- The first issue of The Ghadar, was published from San Francisco on November 1, 1913.
In 1914, after the Komagata Maru tragedy, Lala Hardayal fled to Europe following an arrest by the United States government for spreading anarchist literature.