SDG Gender Index
SDG Gender Index measures global gender equality. It is developed by Equal Measures 2030 which is a joint initiative of regional and global organisations including African Women s Development and Communication Network, Asian-Pacific Resource and Research Centre for Women, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and International Women s Health Coalition.
Findings of the Index
- The world is far from achieving gender equality with 1.4 billion girls and women living in countries that get a very poor grade in the index.
- The global average score of the 129 countries which represent 95% of the world s girls and women under the index is 65.7 out of 100.
- About 2.8 billion girls and women are living in countries that get either a very poor (59 and below) or poor score (60-69) on gender equality.
- Only 8% of the world s population of girls and women live in countries that received good gender equality score (80-89).
- No country achieved an excellent overall score of 90 or above.
How did India Perform?
- India scored well in indicators such as health (79.9), hunger & nutrition (76.2), and energy (71.8).
- India s lowest scores were on indicators on partnerships (18.3, in the bottom 10 countries worldwide), industry, infrastructure and innovation (38.1), and climate (43.4).
- India also scored low on indicators which include the proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (score 23.6; women made up 11.8% of Parliament in 2018) and seats held by women in the Supreme Court (4% and score 18.2).
- India’s score on gender-based violence indicators which include proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18 (Score: 27.3%), women who agreed that a husband/partner is justified in beating his wife/partner under certain circumstances (Score: 47.0%), and women aged 15+ who reported that they feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where she lives (score: 69.1%) were also low.
How does the Index calculate?
The index is based on 14 out of 17 SDGs (sustainable development goals) that cover aspects such as poverty, health, education, literacy, political representation and equality at the workplace.
A score of 100 reflects the achievement of gender equality in relation to the targets set for each indicator and score of 50 signifies that a country is about halfway to meet the goal.
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