2019 Nobel Prize – Physics
The 2019 Nobel prize for Physics was awarded to Swiss Scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz and Canadian – American physicist James Peebles. One half of the prize was won by the American for his contribution towards “Theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology”. The other half was shared between the Swiss scientists for their work on “Discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a star similar to sun”.
The prize consists of 914,000 USD that will be split with one half to the American scientist and the other half to be shared between the Swiss scientists.
Discovery of exoplanet
In 1955, the Swiss astronomers discovered an exoplanet at an observatory in France. It was named orbiting a sun like star called 51 Pegasi b (or 51 Peg b). It orbits very close to the sun. The mass of the exoplanet is half of Jupiter and its temperature are around 1200 degree Celsius.
At the time of its discovery by the astronomers this close distance for a planet to its start was not compatible with the theories of planet formation. Hence it led to discussions of planetary migration.
However, their discovery was proved right and it created revolution in astronomy. Since then 4,000 exoplanets have been found in Milky way.
James Peebles discoveries
The Canadian – American physicist James Peebles had contributed several discoveries in the field of physical cosmology for which he is awarded with the prize. His discoveries are as follows
- In 1987, Peebles proposed Primordial Isocurvature Baryon Model which explains the development of early Universe
- He is also known for the Ostriker – Peebles criterion that related to the stability of galactic formation
- He has made significant contributions towards cosmic microwave background radiation, Big Bang nucleosynthesis, dark energy and dark matter.
- He was the pioneer in the theory of Cosmic structure formation.
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