NASA’s New Earth System Observatory

NASA has set up a new Earth System Observatory which will help in mitigating climate change, forest fires and hurricanes. It will also support real-time agriculture.

Purpose of New Earth System Observatory

Each satellite in the observatory will be designed uniquely and will complement the others. Each will work in tandem to produce holistic 3-dimensional view of Earth, from bedrock to atmosphere. Observatory will study clouds & weather, aerosols, water supply, and surface & ecosystems of Earth.

Status of the observatory

Currently, NASA has initiated formulation phase for First integrated part of the observatory. In first integrated parts, two different radar systems will be bought by NASA in collaboration with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Radar systems can measure changes in surface of Earth, less than a half-inch.

What is Earth System Observatory?

It is a program by US Space Agency, NASA consisting of series of artificial satellite missions and scientific instruments in Earth orbit. It is designed for long-term global observations biosphere, land surface, atmosphere, and oceans. Satellite component of this program was launched in 1997.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

It is an independent agency of U.S. federal government, running civilian space program, aeronautics and space research. It was established in 1958 and succeeded National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).

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